边锋游戏

“轻松”获取氢能,助力氢能发展
发布时间:2019-12-30 14:22:00

JINNIANLAI,GUOJIAHEDIFANGDUIQINGNENGZHICHIDEZENGJIA,QINGNENGCHANYEDEFAZHANQIANJINGBEISHOUQIDAI。QINGNENGSHIYIZHONGLVSE、GAOXIAODEERCINENGYUAN,JUYOUREZHIJIAOGAO、CHULIANGFENGFU、KEZAISHENG、QINGJIEWUWURAN、LAIYUANDUOYANG、YINGYONGGUANGFAN、LIYONGXINGSHIDUODENGTEDIAN。QINGNENGJIKETIGONGNENGYUAN,TONGSHIYEKEMANZUZIYUAN、HUANJING、KECHIXUFAZHANYAOQIU。RANLIAODIANCHISHIQINGNENGYOUXIAOLIYONGDEZUIJIAFANGSHI,TAKEBAQINGJIEDEQINGNENGZHIJIEZHUANHUAWEIDIANNENG,ERFANYINGGUOCHENGJINPAIFANGSHUIHERE,SHIBICHANGGUINEIRANJIGENGXIANJIN、GENGGAOXIAO、GENGHUANBAODENENGYUANZHUANHUAJISHU。


氢能与燃料电池技术可真正实现零排放,氢燃料电池汽车被公认为是解决当今交通能源和环境问题的最佳方案之一,代表着汽车未来的发展方向。国际氢能源委员会预测2050年氢能需求是目前的10倍,占终端能源消费量的比例超过15%,对全球二氧化碳减排量的贡献度达到20%。


RANER,QINGNENGSUIHAOQUEZHANGQIYILAIYIZHIWEINENGBEIDAGUIMODEKAIFAHELIYONG,YINWEIQINGNENGDEHUOQUHELIYONGBINGFEINEIMERONGYI,SHOUXIANXUYAOTONGGUODAXINGHUAGONGCHANGDAGUIMOZHIQING,RANHOUDUIQINGQIJINXINGYASUOCHUCUNHEYUNSHU,ZAITONGGUOJIAQINGZHANJINXINGJIAQING,ZUIHOULIYONGCHUQINGGUANFENPEIJIRANLIAODIANCHIYINGYONGDUAN(RANLIAODIANCHIJIAOCHE、RANLIAODIANCHIKECHE、RANLIAODIANCHITONGXUNJIZHANDIANYUANDENG)。


01利用副产品氢气难度很大


边锋游戏SHOUXIAN,ZIRANJIEZHONGMEIYOUKEYIKAICAIDEDANZHIQINGQI,BIXUCONGHANQINGHUAHEWUZHONGTIQUQINGQI,WOGUOYIXIEQINGNENGGONGZUOZHEJIANGHUAGONGYUANLIAOQINGQIDESHENGCHANNENGLINARUNENGYUANQINGQIDESHENGCHANNENGLI。 2019NIAN7YUE1RIQIKAISHISHISHIDEGUOJIABIAOZHUNGB/T 37244-2018《ZHIZIJIAOHUANMORANLIAODIANCHIQICHEYONGRANLIAOQINGQI》,GUIDINGLEZHIZIJIAOHUANMORANLIAODIANCHIQICHEYONGRANLIAOQINGQIDEZAZHIHANLIANGYAOQIU,QIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODESHIYIYANGHUATANTIJIFENSHUYINGBUDAYU0.2×10-6。


边锋游戏YIJIAOLULIANJIAOXINGYEWEILI,JIANGJIAOLUMEIQIZHONGDEJIZHONGZHONGYAOZAZHIJIANGDIDAOGUOBIAOGB/T37244-2018DEZHIBIAO,TEBIESHIYIYANGHUATANDE5% ~ 8%JIANGDIDAOLEQIANWANFENZHIER,BUJINXUYAOJIEJUEYIXILIEJISHUDEGAONANDUWENTI,ERQIEXIAOHAOLEDALIANGNENGYUAN。 ZUIXIANSHIDESHILVJIANGONGYEDEFUCHANQING。JUSHUO,2017NIANQUANGUOFANGKONGDELVJIANGONGYEDEFUCHANQINGWEI25WANDUN,QIZHONGBUHANYIYANGHUATAN,SHIHEYURANLIAODIANCHI。CIWAI,BINGWANTUOQING、YIWANLIEJIEDENGGONGYEYEYOUSHULIANGXIANGDANGDEFUCHANQING。


02用氢难度大成本比较高


边锋游戏QINGNENGCHANYEFAZHANDUOSHUCHUYUSHIFANJIEDUAN,JICHUSHULIANGYANZHONGBUZUHEQUYUFENBUBUJUNHENG。JIAQINGZHANSHULIANGSHIHENGLIANGCHANYEFAZHANDEZHONGYAOCANKAOZHIBIAO,MUQIANGUONEIYUNYINGHEZAIJIANDESHULIANGHAIBUDUO,ERQIEZHUYAOFENBUZAIZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAOHEJINGJINJI,PEITAOSHEBEIYEHAICHUYUSHIFANJIEDUAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,DUIYUQINGRANLIAODIANCHIDEYINGYONGDUOSHUCHUYUSHANGYONGCHEDELINGYU,HAIYOUJIAODATISHENGKONGJIAN,SHULIANGFENBUBUJUNHENG,QUYUJUNHENGFAZHANDENANTIHAIXUKUAYUE。 


此外,氢气的价格成本还居高不下,氢能产业处于商业化前期,尚难通过规模化降低制氢成本。同时,加氢站建设成本也较高,投入回报率低,不具备经济效益,推行难度较大。并且在燃料电池环节,产业化尚处于早期,经济性短板突出,主要是氢能及燃料电池部分关键零部件、核心原材料环节上国产化缺失,进口依赖度高,导致价格居高不下。在应用环节,氢燃料电池车辆主要还依靠政府补贴,应用端生命周期的购置成本、运营成本和处置成本也亟待降低。


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03水氢助力氢能发展


CONGGUANQINGCHANYELIANSHANGLAIKAN,QINGNENGDEFAZHANTONGDIANFEICHANGDUO,QIZHONGZUITUCHUDEJIUYAOSHUJIAQINGJICHUSHESHIDEBUJU,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIJIANSHECHENGBENGAO、SHULIANGSHAO、CUNZAIANQUANYINHUANDENG。RIBENFENGTIANRANLIAODIANCHIZHUANJIAJIUSHUOGUOSHENGCHANYILIANGRANLIAODIANCHIQICHEBUNAN,NANDESHIRUHEBUJUWANSHANDEJIAQINGWANGLUO,KEJIAN,JIAQINGZHANDEJIANSHEWENTIZAIQINGNENGCHANYEFEICHANGXIANJINDERIBENYESHIWUFABIKAIDEXIANSHIWENTI。YINCI,YAOCONGQUANCHANYELIANDEJIAODUQUKAOLVMUQIANQINGNENGCHANYECUNZAIDEWENTI,BINGGULIFAZHANDUOZHONGQINGNENGLUJING。 ZAIGUANQINGLUJINGZHONG,ZHIQINGYUYONGQINGSHIFENKAIDE,XUYAOYILAIQINGQIDEYASUOCUNCHUYUNSHUCAINENGSHIXIANRANLIAODIANCHIDEZHONGDUANYONGQINGXUQIU。RANER,SHUIQINGJISHULUJINGSHIQINGNENGYURANLIAODIANCHIDEYITIHUA、XIAOXINGHUAHEZHINENGHUALUJING。ZAIGAILUJINGZHONG,ZHIQINGJISHUXIANGXIAOXINGHUA、GAOCHUNHUAFANGXIANGFAZHAN,RANLIAODIANCHIXIANGDIWENFANGXIANGFAZHAN;JIACHUNSHUIZHONGZHENGZHIQINGJISHUYURANLIAODIANCHIFADIANJISHUDEDAOGAODUJICHENG,GAOXIAODEZHINENGKONGZHIXITONGSHIXIANLEQINGQIDEJICHANJIYONG,BINGWEIRANLIAODIANCHIFADIANTIGONGKEKAODEGAOCHUNQINGQI。 


稿件来源: 盖世汽车网
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