边锋游戏

氢能汽车产业发展三步走:2030年实现百万辆
发布时间:2019-08-29 17:48:00

氢能汽车产业发展三步走:2030年实现百万辆


边锋游戏WOGUOQINGNENGCHANYEDEFAZHAN,LIBUKAIDUIJIAQINGZHANJICHUYUNNENGSHANGYOUJICHUSHESHIDEGUIHUA、TOURUYUFUCHI。


近年来,能源安全问题和环保压力愈发凸显,全球各国都在大力推动新能源汽车发展。在此大背景下,新能源汽车在国内外都得到了高速发展。


QIZHONGCHUNDIANDONGQICHEHECHADIANHUNDONGQICHEYINJISHUXIANGDUIJIANDANERHUODELEKUAISUFAZHAN,ERRANLIAODIANCHIQICHESUIRANXIANGJIAOYUCHUNDIANDONGQICHE,JUYOUXUSHILICHENGGENGGAO、JIAQINGSHIJIANDUANDENGTEDIAN,DANYOUYUJISHUNANDUGAO,DANGQIANHAIYUANMEIYOUCHUNDIANDONGQICHEHECHADIANHUNDONGQICHEPUJI。


GEDAFADAGUOJIA,LIRURIBEN、OUZHOU、MEIGUO、HANGUODENGDOUZAIQINGNENGQICHEJIXIANGGUANJICHUSHESHIDEJISHUYANJIUHETOUZIKAIFASHANGYOULESHUSHINIANDEJILEI,QIEYIJINGQUDEJIEDUANXINGCHENGGUO。


边锋游戏ERWOGUOSUIZAI21SHIJICHUYEKAISHILEXIANGGUANYANJIU,DANMUQIANZAIZHENGGEQINGNENGQICHECHANYESHANGHESHANGSHUFADAGUOJIARENGYOUJIAODACHAJU。


氢能汽车发展政策密集出台


我国对于燃料电池的政策扶持和财政补贴起源已久,早在2001年9月启动的“863电动汽车重大科技专项计划”中就包含了对氢能汽车和燃料电池系统的研发。


ZAIQIANSHUGUOJIA“SHIWU”863JIHUADIANDONGQICHEGUANJIANJISHUZHONGDAKEJIZHUANXIANGHE“SHIYIWU”JIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHEZHONGDAXIANGMUZHICHIXIA,WOGUOQINGNENGQICHEJISHUYANFAQUDEZHONGYAOJINZHAN.


JIBENZHANGWOLEZHENGCHE、DONGLIXITONGYUGUANJIANLINGBUJIANDEHEXINJISHU;JIANLILEJUYOUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDERANLIAODIANCHIQICHEDONGLIXITONGJISHUPINGTAI;XINGCHENGLERANLIAODIANCHIFADONGJI、DONGLIDIANCHI、DC/DCBIANHUANQI、QUDONGDIANJI、CHUQINGYUGONGQINGXITONGDENGGUANJIANLINGBUJIANPEITAOYANFATIXI,JUYOUBAILIANGJIQINGNENGQICHEDONGLIXITONGPINGTAIYUZHENGCHESHENGCHANNENGLI。


JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEQINGRANLIAODIANCHIJISHUDETUPOHEXINNENGYUANQICHEDEKUAISUFAZHAN,YIJIGUOJIADUIQINGJIENENGYUANDERIYIZHONGSHI,WOGUOKAISHIJIADADUIQINGRANLIAODIANCHILINGYUDEGUIHUAHEZHICHILIDU,ZHENGCECHUTAIYEYUELAIYUEJIZHONG。


边锋游戏ZAI《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》TICHUSHIXIANQINGNENGQICHEDEYUNXINGGUIMOJINYIBUKUODA,DADAO1000LIANGDEYUNXINGGUIMO,DAO2025NIAN,ZHIQING、JIAQINGDENGPEITAOJICHUSHESHIJIBENWANSHAN,QINGNENGQICHESHIXIANQUYUXIAOGUIMOYUNXING。


边锋游戏ZAI2011NIAN11YUE2RIFABUDE《JIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHEJISHULUXIANTU》ZHONGYETIDAO,DAO2020NIANWOGUODEQINGNENGQICHEZONGLIANGYAOCHAOGUO5000LIANG,DAO2030NIANCHAOGUOBAIWANLIANG。


边锋游戏GUONEIQINGNENGQICHEYANFAJINGGUODUONIANFAZHANYIYOUYIDINGTUPO,YIFANGMIANSHIXUHANGLICHENGYOUSUOTIGAO;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZESHIZHENGCHEZHIZAOCHENGBENYOUSUOXIAJIANG。


RANER,MUQIANZHONGGUORANLIAODIANCHICHENGYONGCHESHANGCHUYUSHIYANYANZHENGJIEDUAN,JINYOUJIKUANGAINIANCHE。


LIRUSHANGQIJITUANCENGYU2015NIAN4YUETUICHUSHOUKUANGUOCHANRANLIAODIANCHICHENGYONGCHERONGWEI750FCV,YU2017NIANTUICHURONGWEI950FCV,YIQIHONGQIYEZAI2018NIAN10YUETUICHULEHONGQIH5RANLIAODIANCHICHE,DANDOUWEILIANGCHAN。


YUCIXINGCHENGXIANMINGDUIBIDESHIZHONGGUORANLIAODIANCHISHANGYONGCHEJINGGUODUONIANYANFAYIJINRUSHANGYEHUAJIEDUAN,DUOJIACHEQITUICHULERANLIAODIANCHISHANGYONGCHECHANPIN。


边锋游戏JUXIANGGUANZILIAOXIANSHI,MUQIANGUONEIJUBEIQINGNENGQICHESHENGCHANZIZHIDEQIYEYOU13JIA:YUTONGKECHE、FUTIANQICHE、SHANGQIJITUAN、SHANGQIDATONG、SHENLONGKECHE、ZHONGZHIQICHE、JINLONGKECHE、DONGFENG、FEICHIKECHE、AOXIN、NANJINGJINLONG、QINGNIANQICHE、SHUDOUKECHE。QIZHONGDABUFENDOUSHIKECHEHESHANGYONGCHESHENGCHANQIYE。


边锋游戏2017NIAN《XINNENGYUANQICHETUIGUANGYINGYONGTUIJIANCHEXINGMULU》ZHONGJINYOU3KUANZHUANYONGCHE、19KUANKECHERUBANG,ER2018NIANZENGZHI26KUANZHUANYONGCHE、60KUANKECHE,ZHUANYONGCHE、KECHECHEXINGSHUFENBIESHI2017NIANDE8.67、3.16BEI。


2018NIANZHONGGUOQINGNENGQICHECHANXIAOJUNWANCHENG1527LIANG,BAOKUO1418LIANGRANLIAODIANCHIKECHEYIJI109LIANGRANLIAODIANCHIHUOCHE。


CHUXIANSHANGSHUXIANZHUANGDEZHUYAOYUANYINSHIWOGUODERANLIAODIANCHIXIANGGUANJISHUHAIBUGOUCHENGSHU。


QINGNENGQICHEDEZHUYAOJIEGOURUXIATUSUOSHI,ZHUYAOYOUGAOYAYASUOQINGQICHUGUAN、RANLIAODIANCHIDIANDUI、DIANCHIZU、SHENGYAQI、BAOHANDIANJIYUDONGLIKONGZHIDANYUANDEDONGLIZONGCHENGHEQITAFUZHUSHEBEIZUCHENG。


ERRANLIAODIANCHIDIANDUIZESHIRANLIAODIANCHICHEDEHEXINBUJIAN。


氢能汽车产业发展三步走:2030年实现百万辆

QINGRANLIAODIANCHIQICHEDEZHUYAOJIEGOU


边锋游戏MUQIAN,GUOJIZHULIUQINGRANLIAODIANCHICHEXING,LIRUFENGTIANMirai、XIANDAIix35FCV、BENTIANClarity Fuel CellDENG,QIRANLIAODIANCHISHUCHUGONGLVDOUKEDADAO100kWYISHANG,ERWOGUOMUQIANRANLIAODIANCHICHANPINDADUOYI35kWWEIZHU,NANYIMANZUJIAYONGCHENGYONGCHEDUIDONGLIXITONGDEXUQIU。


CIWAIYOUYUZAI70MPaCHUQINGGUANDENGXIANGGUANJISHUSHANGYEBUGOUCHENGSHU,NANYIDADAO500kmYISHANGGAOXUHANGLICHENGDEMUBIAO。


边锋游戏ERQITABUJIANDEJICHENGDUHEKEKAODUYELIJIAYONGCHEXUQIUYOUYIDINGJULI。FANZHI,DAKECHEHEWULIUCHEDENGDAZHONGXINGCHELIANG,XIANGBIYUJIAYONGCHE,YOUGENGJIACHONGYUDEKONGJIAN,DUIXITONGDEJICHENGDUYAOQIUJIANGDI,TONGSHIKEYIFANGZHIGENGDUO35MPaCHUQINGGUANLAIMANZUXUHANGXUQIU。


GENGZHONGYAODESHI,KECHEHEWULIUCHEDUIGAOSUXINGSHIXUQIUJIAOXIAO,XIANYOUTIJIGONGLVMIDUDERANLIAODIANCHIDIANDUIJIKEMANZUQIJIBENXUQIU。


边锋游戏RUOXUYAOGENGDAGONGLVDEDIANDUI,QIDUIDIANDUIDECHICUNZHONGLIANGDENGYAOQIUYEYUANJIAOJIAYONGCHEGENGKUANSONG。


边锋游戏ZONGDELAIJIANG,WOGUODEQINGNENGQICHEHEXINBUJIANDEJISHUSHANGBUGOUCHENGSHU,LUOHOUGUOWAICHANGSHANGYUE3~4NIANDESHIJIAN。


MUQIAN,GUONEIRANLIAODIANCHIDIANDUI、JINFENGXITONGDEFENGJI、SHENGYADC-DCDENGGUANJIANCAILIAODESHENGCHANCHANGJIAHAIBUDUOQIEDUOCHUYUYANFA、SHAOLIANGSHIYUNXINGJIEDUAN,RENGXUYAOJINKOU,ZAOCHENGXITONGCHENGBENTIGAO。


边锋游戏JISHUBILEIJIAODIDERANLIAODIANCHIDONGLIXITONGJICHENGDEGUOCHANHUACHENGDUYEBUGAO。


KONGYAJI、JIASHIQI、QINGXUNHUANZHUANGZHIDENGFUJIANXITONGRENGXUYAOJINKOU。


边锋游戏ZAIXUHANGNENGLI、DIANCHISHOUMINGDENGXINGNENGFANGMIAN,YUGUOWAICUNZAIJIAODACHAYI。


YINCI,YAOJIXUTUIDONGWOGUOQINGNENGQICHETEBIESHIJIAYONGCHEDEFAZHAN,BIXUYAOZAIRANLIAODIANCHIDIANDUIDAGONGLV、XIAOXINGHUA、SHIYONGSHOUMINGDENGDUOGELINGYUYOUSUOTUPO。


ERFAZHANRANLIAODIANCHIKECHEHEWULIUCHE,MUQIANYUDAODEGENGXIANSHIDEWENTISHIJIAQINGJICHUSHESHIDEBUPIPEI。


边锋游戏ZAIJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEFANGMIAN,JIEZHI2018NIAN,ZHONGGUOGONGYOU25ZUOJIANCHENGDEJIAQINGZHAN(QIZHONG3ZUOYICHAICHU),LINGYOUDUOZUOZAIJIAN,DANDUOSHUJINGONGSHIFANCHELIANGJIAZHUSHIYONG,ZANWEISHIXIANQUANSHANGYEHUAYUNYING。


边锋游戏ZHEIXIEJIAQINGZHANZHUYAOFENBUZAIJINGJIBIJIAOFADA、YOUQICHECHANYEJICHUDEDIQU,YIJIDIFANGZHENGFUYOUYIYUANSHISHIXINJIUDONGNENGZHUANHUANDEDIQU。


QIZHONGYUE80%DEJIAQINGZHANJIZHONGZAIGUANGDONG、SHANGHAI、JIANGSU、HUBEI、LIAONINGWUGESHENGFEN。


边锋游戏YISHANGHAIWEILI,SHANGHAIMUQIANSHANGYEHUAYUNXINGDEJIAQINGZHANZHIYOUJIANGQIAOJIAQINGZHANYIZUO,SHEJIJIAQINGNENGLIWEIMEITIAN750kg,NENGWEIYUE120LIANGWULIUCHEJIAQING。


ERJINQINGCHESHULUQICHEYUNYING(SHANGHAI)YOUXIANGONGSI2018NIANJIUZAISHANGHAITOUFANGLEYUE500LIANGDONGFENGPAIQINGRANLIAODIANCHIXIANGSHIWULIUCHE。


JIAQINGXUQIUDEGONGXIANGBUPIPEIDAOZHIJIANGQIAOJIAQINGZHANJIANZHANZHIJINZHANGQIMANFUHEYUNXING,DALIANGQINGRANLIAODIANCHIWULIUCHEJIAQINGXUQIUDEBUDAOMANZU。


氢能汽车产业发展思路


边锋游戏WOGUOJIANGJIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHELIEWEIZHONGDIANFAZHANSHIDALINGYUZHIYI,WOGUOFABUDEJIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHEJISHULUXIANTUZHONGTICHULEFENSANBUZOUDEFAZHANSILU。


边锋游戏JINWUNIANNEIYIZHONGDENGGONGLVRANLIAODIANCHIYUDARONGLIANGDONGLIDIANCHIDESHENDUHUNHEDONGLIJIEGOUWEIJISHUTEZHENG,SHIXIANQINGNENGQICHEZAITEDINGDIQUDEGONGGONGFUWUYONGCHELINGYUDAGUIMOSHIFANYINGYONG,DADAO5000LIANGZUOYOUDEYINGYONGGUIMO。


边锋游戏ZAI2025NIANZUOYOU,YIDAGONGLVRANLIAODIANCHIYUZHONGDENGRONGLIANGDONGLIDIANCHIDEDIANDIANHUNHEWEITEZHENG,SHIXIANQINGNENGQICHEDEJIAODAGUIMOPILIANGHUASHANGYEYINGYONG,DADAO5WANLIANGDESHIYONGGUIMO。


ZAI2030NIANZUOYOU,SHIXIANYIQUANGONGLVRANLIAODIANCHIWEIDONGLITEZHENG,ZAISIRENCHENGYONGCHE、DAXINGSHANGYONGCHELINGYUSHIXIANBAIWANLIANGGUIMODESHANGYETUIGUANG。


边锋游戏TONGSHIDAO2030NIAN,SHIXIANRANLIAODIANCHIDIANDUIBIGONGLVCONG2kW/kgDAO2.5kW/kgDETISHENG,HERANLIAODIANCHISHOUMINGCONG5000XIAOSHIDAO8000XIAOSHIDEJINBU。


ZHENGGEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIANGJINYIBUTIGAOQINGNENGQICHEDIWENQIDONG,KEKAONAIJIU、SHIYONGSHOUMINGDENGXINGNENGBINGJIANGDIZHENGCHECHENGBEN,ZHUBUKUODARANLIAODIANCHIXITONGCHANNENG,WANSHANQINGQIGONGYINGYUNSHUJIJIAZHUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,ZHICHENGQINGNENGQICHEDECHANYEHUAFAZHAN。


边锋游戏QINGNENGQICHEGAOSUFAZHANLIBUKAIJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,JIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHEJISHULUXIANTUZHONGTONGYANGDUIJIAQINGZHANJIANSHEQUEDINGLEFAZHANMUBIAO:DAO2020NIANJIAQINGZHANYAOCHAOGUO100ZUO,DAO2025NIANCHAOGUO300ZUO,DAO2030NIANCHAOGUO1000ZUO。


边锋游戏RUOANSHANGSHULUXIANTUZHONGRANLIAODIANCHICHEGUIMOJISUAN,JIASHE2020NIAN5000LIANGCHEZHONG1/3WEICHENGYONGCHE,NIANJIAQINGLIANG150kg,2/3WEISHANGYONGCHE,NIANJIAQINGLIANGWEI1DUN,ZEDAO2020NIANQUANGUONIANJIAQINGLIANGYUE3600DUN,ZHANJUNRIJIAQINGNENGLIYUE100kg。


边锋游戏DAO2025NIANJIASHE5WANLIANGCHEZHONG1/2WEICHENGYONGCHE,1/2WEISHANGYONGCHE,QUANGUONIANJIAQINGLIANGYUE3WANDUN,ZHANJUNRIJIAQINGNENGLIYUE300kg。


边锋游戏DAO2030NIANJIASHEBAIWANLIANGCHEZHONG3/4WEICHENGYONGCHE,1/4WEISHANGYONGCHE,QUANGUONIANJIAQINGLIANGYUE36WANDUN,ZHANJUNRIJIAQINGNENGLIXUDADAOYUE1000kg。


ZAIRUCIJUDADEJIAQINGXUQIUXIA,MUQIANCAIYONGDEYASUOQINGQICHUYUNFANGSHIYUANYUANBUNENGMANZUXUQIU,JIEHEGUOWAITEBIESHIMEIGUOHERIBENDEFAZHANQINGKUANG,YEQINGCHUYUNJIANGCHENGWEIZHULIUDECHUYUNFANGSHI。


边锋游戏YEQINGDEMIDUSHICHANGWENCHANGYAXIADE800YUBEI,YINCIYEQINGCHUQINGMIDUGAO、CHUYUNCHENGBENDI、CHUCUNYALIDI,YEGENGANQUAN。


边锋游戏YIGEGAOYAQINGQICHUYUNZHAN,CAIYONGJISHUGUANCHECHUYUNYALIYUEWEI200~700bar,CHUQINGLIANGYUEWEI300~1000kg,ZHANDIMIANJIYUE60~80m2。ERCAIYONGYEQINGDIWENYETICHUGUANYALI1~1.3bar,CHUQINGLIANGYUE400~6000kg,ZHANDIMIANJIYUEWEI15~30m2。


KEJIANYEQINGCHUQINGLIANGDA,JIAQINGZHANZHANDIMIANJIXIAO,CHENGBENDI。


TONGSHI,YEQINGCHUYUNDEYUNSHUCHENGBENYEGENGDI,YILIANG40m3YEQINGCAOCHEKEYUNSHUYUE3000kgDEQING,CHONGZHUANGSHIJIANZHIYAO0.5-2GEXIAOSHI,ERYILIANGJISHUGUANCHEZHINENGYUNSHUYUE300kgDEQING,CHONGZHUANGSHIJIANYEYAO2-4GEXIAOSHI。YINCI,TONGZHONGLIANGDEQINGQICAIYONGYETAICHUYUN,FEIYONGZHISHIYASUOQINGQIDESHIJIFENZHIYI。


CIWAI,JINGGUOQINGYEHUAHOUDEQINGQICHUNDUGAO,NENGGOUZENGJIADIANCHISHOUMINGJIDIANLIANG。QINGRANLIAODIANCHIXINGNENGHESHOUMINGSHOUCODENGZAZHIHANLIANGYINGXIANGHENDA,ERQINGDEFEIDIANYUANDIYUCO、H2SDENGYIYINQIQINGRANLIAODIANCHIZHONGDUDEZAZHIFEIDIAN。


ZUIHOU,YEQINGJIAYACHONGZHUANGJUYOUGENGGAODEXIAOLVHEGENGDIDECHENGBEN。


YOUYUYETIKEYASUOXINGYUANDIYUQITI,YEQINGJIAZHUCAIYONGDEGAOYAYEQINGHUOSAIBENGCHUKOUYALIKEDA875bar,NENGHAOZHIYOU0.5kWh/kgH2YUANDIYUTONGDENGZENGYANENGLIDEQINGQIYASUOJI。


边锋游戏MUQIAN,GUOJISHANGYUE400DUOZUOJIAQINGZHANZHONG,YIYOUYUE1/3CAIYONGYEQINGJINXINGCHUYUN。


CAIYONGYEQINGCHUYUNFANGSHIDEJIAQINGZHANJIANZAO、YUNXINGCHENGBENDI,GENGYOULIYUJIAQINGZHANDEJICHUJIANSHE,YOULIYUCUCHENGQINGRANLIAODIANCHIQICHEYUJIAQINGZHANJIANSHEDELIANGXINGXUNHUAN。


边锋游戏ERYEQINGSHUYUNYUCHUCUNFANGSHIZAIWEILAIQINGNENGCHANYELIANZHONGYEJIANGYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO,SHIQINGNENGQICHECHANYEGUIMOHUAYINGYONGDEBIRANSHOUDUAN。


氢能汽车商业运行需配套加氢站建设


QINGNENGQICHEZUOWEIYIZHONGXINNENGYUANQICHE,JUYOUHENDUOYOUSHI。


相较于纯电动汽车,氢能汽车的续航里程更长、充能时间明显减少;相较于燃油汽车,氢能汽车和纯电动汽车的能量转换效率更高,同时在利用可再生能源制氢的情况下零排放无污染,且使用成本较低。


边锋游戏DANSHIQINGNENGQICHEDEYECUNZAIYIDINGLIESHI,MUQIANQINGNENGQICHEDESHIYONGSHOUMINGNANYIYUCHUNDIANDONGQICHEHERANYOUQICHEXIANGJIAO,TONGSHIYOUYUMUQIANJISHUSHANGBUCHENGSHU,QIZHIZAOCHENGBENGAO(YOUQISHIRANLIAODIANCHIXITONGCHENGBEN),SHIJINENGLIANGZHUANHUANXIAOLVYEBUJICHUNDIANDONGQICHE。


CIWAIQINGNENGYUANLIANSHANGBUWANSHAN,SHIQINGQIDECHENGBENHESHOUJIAPIANGAO,ZAOCHENGQINGNENGQICHEDESHIYONGCHENGBENGAOYUCHUNDIANDONGQICHE,RENGYOUJIAODAXIAJIANGKONGJIAN。


边锋游戏DANGQIANZHONGGUOQINGNENGQICHECHANYEFEISUFAZHAN,DANQINGNENGQICHEGUANJIANBUJIANHEGUANJIANCAILIAOYAOWANQUANSHIXIANGUOCHANHUASHANGYOUHENZHANGYIDUANLU。


边锋游戏QINGNENGQICHEDESHANGYEYUNXINGHESHIYONGXUYAOPEITAOJIAQINGZHANDEJIANSHE,BINGTIGONGWANSHANDEZHIQING、CHUYUN、JIAQINGFUWU。


边锋游戏CONGGUOWAIDEJINGYANKAN,JIAQINGZHANJIANSHEYAOYUQINGNENGQICHESHENGCHANTONGBUJINXINGSHENZHICHAOQIANFAZHAN,XINGCHENGLIANGXINGXUNHUAN。


MUQIANWOGUOJIAQINGZHANJIANSHEZHUTIZHONGDUO,QUEFAGUOJIATONGCHOUHEZHENGCEPEITAOCUOSHI。JIAQINGZHANSHIGONGGONGSHIYEFANCHOU,MUQIANXIANGMUXUANZHI、GUIHUAGUANLI、ANQUANYUNYINGQUEFAJIANDUYUGUANLI。


边锋游戏LINGWAIJIAQINGZHANTOUZIJUDA,TONGSHIYEYAOJIZHONGGUIMOHUAKEXUEGUANLI,YIJIANGDIJIANSHEYUNYINGCHENGBENHEANQUANYUNXING。


YINCI、WOGUOQINGNENGQICHEXINGYEXIANGYAOFAZHAN,YELIBUKAIDUIJIAQINGZHANJICHUYUNDENGSHANGYOUJICHUSHESHIDEGUIHUA、TOURUYUFUCHI。


稿件来源: 中国石化
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