边锋游戏

铅酸蓄电池“生产者责任延伸制”如何见实效?
发布时间:2019-08-29 10:23:06

铅酸蓄电池“生产者责任延伸制”如何见实效?


“谁的孩子,谁抱走”——在铅蓄电池后处理环节,回收利用、废物处置等工作皆由生产者承担。早在2016年12月,国务院办公厅就已下发《生产者责任延伸制度推行方案》,明确上述任务。


边锋游戏JINRI,GUOJIAFAGAIWEICHUTAIDE《QIANXUDIANCHIHUISHOULIYONGGUANLIZANXINGBANFA(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)》(XIACHENG《GUANLIBANFA》)ZAICIQIANGDIAOHUISHOUMUBIAOZERENZHI,YAOQIUQIANXUDIANCHISHENGCHANQIYE(HANJINKOUSHANG),“TONGGUOZIXINGHUISHOU、YUSHEHUIHUISHOULIYONGQIYEHEZUODENGFANGSHI,CHENGDANWANCHENGHUISHOUMUBIAODEZEREN”。DAO2025NIANDI,JIANGGUIFANHUISHOULVDADAO60%YISHANG。


YUZHIXIANGBEIDESHI,YINFEIFACHULIQUDAOZHANBICHAO7CHENGYISHANG,ZHONGZHONGWEIGUIXINGWEILVJINNANZHI。“ZHENGGUIJUN”FEIDANWEINENGFAHUIYINGYOUZUOYONG,FANZAO“YOUJUN”PAIJI。SUIZHEZHENGCEJINYIBUMINGXI,RUHERANG“SHENGCHANZHEZERENYANSHENZHI”ZHENZHENGDEYISHISHI,CHENGWEIGUANJIANWENTI。


非法渠道强势挤压 生产企业普遍“难吃饱”


SHENGTAIHUANJINGBUTONGJIXIANSHI,WOGUOYISHISHIJIEZUIDADEQIANXUDIANCHISHENGCHAN、XIAOFEIGUO。2017NIAN,QUANGUOQIANXUDIANCHICHANLIANGYICHAOGUOQUANQIUSHENGCHANZONGLIANGDE40%,YINGYONGBIANBUDIANLI、CHUNENG、DIANDONGCHEDENGDUOGELINGYU。YEZHENGYINCI,《GUANLIBANFA》SUOZHIDEHUISHOUDUIXIANG,BAOKUOZUOWEIQIDONGDIANCHI、DONGLIDIANCHI、GONGYEDIANCHIDENGYONGTUDEGELEIQIANXUDIANCHI,MUBIAOGENGMING、FANWEIGENGGUANG。


SHENGTAIHUANJINGBUGUTIFEIWUYUHUAXUEPINGUANLIJISHUZHONGXINGAOJIGONGCHENGSHIHEYIBIAOSHI,FEIQIANXUDIANCHIHANYOU74%DEQIANJIQIHUAHEWU,ZIYUANHUISHOULIYONGJIAZHIGAO。YUYUANSHENGQIANXIANGBI,YOUCICHANSHENGDEZAISHENGQIAN,MEIDUNKEJIEYUEBIAOMEI65QIANKE,JIESHUI235LIFANGMI,JIANSHAOGUTIFEIWUPAIFANG128DUN。


边锋游戏“CAIQUSHENGCHANZHEZERENYANSHENZHI,JINENGBAOZHENGQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEHUANBAO,FANGZHIFEIDIANCHILUORUFEIFAQIYE,YINWEIGUICHUZHIZAOCHENGWURAN。TONGGUOKEXUE、JINGJIDEFANGFAHUISHOUTIQUZAISHENGQIAN,FANGUOLAIHAIKEWEISHENGCHANHUANJIETIGONGYUANLIAO,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANSHAOQIYEDECHENGBEN。YINCI,SHENGCHANQIYEPUBIANJUBEIZHUDONG‘YANSHEN’DEJIJIXING。”ZHONGGUOHUAXUEYUWULIDIANYUANXINGYEXIEHUIMISHUZHANGLIUYANLONGCHENG。


边锋游戏RANER,ZHEIXIANGYIJUDUODEDEZHIDU,SHIJIQUERANGSHENGCHANZHEMENGANJUE“XINYOUYU、LIBUZU”。JIZHELEJIEDAO,ZHUYAOYUANYINSHILAIZIFEIFACHULIQUDAODEJIYA——MIANDUIMEINIAN500DUOWANDUNBAOFEILIANG,YOUZHENGGUIQUDAOHUISHOU、LIYONGDEBILIJINZAI3CHENGZUOYOU。HUANYANZHI,DUODA70%DEFEIQIQIANXUDIANCHI,ZHANGQIWOZAIFEIFASHANGFANSHOUSHANG。


边锋游戏YOUYUFEIFAHUISHOU、CHAIJIEDUOWEIDIXIAJIAOYI,CUNZAITAIGAOHUISHOUJIA、TOUSHUITAOSHUIDENGRAOLUANSHICHANGDEXINGWEI,JIYOUNENGLILVXINGZERENYANSHENZHIDESHENGCHANQIYEZAOCHENGYANZHONGYINGXIANG。“MUQIAN,QUANGUOYOUZIZHI、SHANGGUIMO、ZHUANYEHUADEQIANXUDIANCHIHUISHOUCHUZHIQIYEBUDAO30JIA。ERQIE,ZHENGGUIQIYENANYISHOUDAOZUGOUDEFEIQIDIANCHI,PUBIANMIANLINSHOUBUDAO、CHIBUBAO、SHENZHIKUIBENSHOUGOUDENGQINGKUANG,KAIGONGLVBUZUWUCHENG,JINGYINGYALIDA。”TIANNENGJITUANDONGSHIJUZHUXIZHANGTIANRENTANYAN。


政策之外,另有一系列 操作层面的问题待关注


WEILUOSHISHENGCHANZHEZERENYANSHENZHI,ZHUGUANBUMENYIBUZHIYICICHUTAIXIANGGUANGUIDING。YIJINNIANWEILI,SHENGTAIHUANJINGBU、GUOJIAFAGAIWEIDENGJIUBUWEIZAIYIYUELIANHEXIAFA《FEIQIANXUDIANCHIWURANFANGZHIXINGDONGFANGAN》,TICHUQIANXUDIANCHISHENGCHANQIYETONGGUOLUOSHISHENGCHANZHEZERENYANSHENZHIDU,DAO2020NIANJIANGGUIFANSHOUJILVTIZHI40%。3YUE25RI,《FEIQIANSUANXUDIANCHIHUISHOUJISHUGUIFAN》JINMIGENJINCHULU,MINGQUESHOUJI、CHUCUN、YUNSHU、ZHUANYIDENGHUANJIEDEGUOJIABIAOZHUN。《GUANLIBANFA》ZAIDUQIANGDIAOSHENGCHANQIYEZEREN,YAOQIUMEINIANDINGQISHANGJIAOMUBIAOWANCHENGBAOGAO,WEIDABIAOZHEJIESHOUXIANGYINGCHUFA。


边锋游戏FANGXIANGQINGXI、ZHENGCEYOULI,“ZHENGGUIJUN”WEIHELVZAOWUNAI?CHULEFEIFACHULIQUDAO“LIEBIQUZHULIANGBI”,YIXIEXIANSHIWENTITONGYANGZHIDEGUANZHU。


边锋游戏“QIYEGUANGYOUZHUDONGXINGBUGOU,CANYUHUISHOUDEQIANTISHIJUBEIZIZHI。”LIUYANLONGZHICHU,YOUYUFEIQIQIANXUDIANCHIYIBEILIEWEIWEIFEI,SHENGCHANQIYEQUDEWEIFEIZONGHEJINGYINGXUKEZHENG,BINGZAIGEDIPEIBEIXIANGYINGDEGUIFANHUAHUISHOUGONGSI,CAIKEKAIZHANYEWU。“BANLIZIZHIHAOSHIZHANG、YAOQIUGAO,QIYEXUHUAFEIBUXIAOTOUZI。JIASHANGGEDIHAIYOUBUTONGDEXIHUAYAOQIU,QIYEZAIYIDIBANHAOZIZHI,DAOLINGYIDIQUYAOBUYAOZHONGXINBANLI?ZHEIYANGDEXIANSHIWENTISHANGWEIMINGQUE。”


边锋游戏RUOBUBANLIDUOZHANGXUKEZHENG,XUANZEJIANGFEIQIDIANCHIYUNZHIYIDIJIZHONGCHULI,SHIFOUKEXING?ZHANGTIANRENBIAOSHI,FEIQIQIANXUDIANCHIDEKUASHENGZHUANYUNYEYOUNANDU。“JIBIANGEXIANGSHENPISHUNLI,CONGZHUANCHUSHENGDAOJIESHOUSHENGYEYAO3GEYUEZUOYOU。ERQIE,WEIFEIZHUANYIBIXUCAIYONGWEIHUAPINWULIUZHUANYONGCHEYUNSHU,JIAGESHIPUTONGWULIUYUNSHUCHEDELIANGBEIYISHANG,DADAZENGJIAQIYECHENGBEN。”


边锋游戏LINGYOUZHUANJIATICHU,JINGUANQIYEJIJIXINGGAO,DANBUFENDIQUDEXIANSHITIAOJIANSHANGWEIGENSHANG。“BIRU,YIXIEDIFANGZHENGFURENWEIHUISHOUXIANGMUDEJIUYESHAO、SHUISHOUDI,BULEYIJIESHOUHUISHOUQIYERUZHU。HAIYOUDIQUZHENGCEYAOQIUZHUCUNCANGKUJINZHUXUNHUANJINGJIYUAN、HUAGONGYUANQUDENG,SHIJIBINGWEIJIANSHECILEIYUANQU。YOUCI,DAILAIXUANZHINAN、LUODINANDENGCAOZUOWENTI。”


可考虑分类管理,形成 “生产-消费-回收-再生”闭环


ZHIDEYITIDESHI,《GUANLIBANFA》SUISHANGCHUZHENGQIUYIJIANJIEDUAN,DANDUIYUBUFENCAOZUOCENGMIANDEBUZU,MUQIANYIYOUCHUBUKAOLIANG。


边锋游戏LIRU,ZHENDUIBUTONGLEIXINGWANGDIAN,XIAYIBUHUOSHIXINGCHABIEHUAHUANJINGGUANLI,DUIBUTONGLEIXINGCUNFANGCHANGSUODEHUANJINGGUANLIGUIFANJIXIANGYINGDEFENJIWEIXIANFEIWUJINGYINGXUKETIAOJIAN,YOUSHENGTAIHUANJINGBUHUITONGXIANGGUANBUMENZHIDINGFABU。ZAIRU,DUIYUFANGCHAIBIAOSHIWANZHENGDEWEIPOSUNFEIJIUQIANXUDIANCHI,WEILAIZAISHOUJI、ZANCUN、ZHUCUN、YUNSHUDENGHUANJIE,KESHIXINGYOUTIAOJIANHUOMIANWEIXIANFEIWUGUANLI;WUFANGCHAIBIAOSHI、FANGCHAIBIAOSHIBUWANZHENG、YIPOSUNDEFEIJIUQIANXUDIANCHI,ZAIANZHAOWEIXIANFEIWUJINXINGGUANLI。


边锋游戏ZAICIJICHUSHANG,ZHANGTIANRENTICHU,KAOLVJIANHUAKUASHENGZHUANYUNDELIUCHENGSHENPI。“YUQITAWEIFEIPINBUTONG,FEIQIQIANXUDIANCHIZAIMEIYOUPOSUNDEQINGKUANGXIA,WURANFENGXIANHENXIAO,HUISHOU、ZHUCUN、YUNSHUZHIYAOZUODAOFANGYU、FANGSHENDENGFANGHUCUOSHIJIKE。ZAIQUEBAOHUANJINGANQUANDEQIANTIXIA,KEJIANHUASHENPILIUCHENG,SHISHI‘YIZHANSHI’SHENPI,TIGAOZHUANYUNXIAOLV。”


边锋游戏SHANGSHUWEIJUMINGDEZHUANJIAHAIJIANYI,YOUYUSHENQINGWEIFEIZIZHIDETOURUDA、SHENPINAN,BUFANGKAOLVJIANGSHENGCHANQIYEXIANYOUDEDIANMIAN、KUFANGDENGZUOWEISHOUJIZANCUNDIAN,BAOHUANBAOZHUGUANBUMENBEIANSHENHEHOUFAFANGSHOUJI、ZHUCUNXUKEZHENG,SHIGUIFANHUAHUISHOUTIXIGENGRONGYILUODI。


边锋游戏YUCITONGSHI,YINGJINKUAIGOUJIAN“SHENGCHAN-XIAOFEI-HUISHOU-ZAISHENG”DEBIHUANTIXI,DAJIFEIFAQUDAODELIDUBUKESONGXIE。“ZHENGGUIQIYEBEISHOUJIYA,ZHONGYAOYUANYINZHIYIJIUSHIMEIYOUXINGCHENGBIHUANTIXI。FEIQIDIANCHIYOUSHEISHOUJI,HUISHOUZHIHOUSHEILAICHULI,CHULIZHIHOULIUXIANGNALI?RENYIHUANJIELUODAOMEIYOUZIZHIDEQIYESHOUSHANG,DOUWUFAZHENZHENGYOUXIAOKONGZHIWURAN。”LIUYANLONGBIAOSHI,QUEBAOMEIYIGEHUANJIEZAIHEFAQIYEZHIJIANLIUTONG,BINGZAIBIHUANZHONGXINGCHENGYOULIJIANKONG,SHENGCHANZHEYANSHENZERENZHICAIYOUWANGLUOSHIDAOWEI。


稿件来源: 中国能源报
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