边锋游戏

电动航空开启全球“竞速模式” 核心技术尚待突破
发布时间:2020-04-03 15:18:20

电动航空开启全球“竞速模式” 核心技术尚待突破

MEIGUOYUHANGJUFABUQUANDIANDONGFEIJI“X-57 Maxwell”ZUIZHONGGOUXINGGAINIANTU。TUPIANLAIYUAN:NASA


有朝一日,我们或许可以乘坐依靠电池驱动的“零排放”环保飞机前往世界各地,搭乘“零排放”的环保“空中的士”通勤、短途旅行也将不再是梦想。


3YUE27RI,MEIGUOYUHANGJUFABULEBEISHOUQIDAIDEQUANDIANDONGFEIJI“X-57 Maxwell”ZUIZHONGGOUXINGGAINIANTU。JIUZAIQIANBUJIU,MEIGUONENGYUANBUXIANJINNENGYUANYANJIUJIHUASHUYEXUANBUZIZHU5500WANMEIYUANKAIZHAN“XIEDIAOLENGQUEDEJICHENGQUDONGDIANDONGJI”HE“DITANGAOXIAOLVHANGKONGDIANHUNHEDONGLIXITONG”LIANGDAYANFAXIANGMU,ZHIZAITUIDONGZHAITISHANGYONGKEJIDICHENGBENGAOXINGNENGHANGKONGDIANDONGFADONGJIJISHUHEGAOXIAORANSHAOTANZHONGXINGHANGKONGRANYOUDEDONGLIXITONGYANJIU。


边锋游戏BEICHENGWEIXINYILUN“FEIXINGGEMING”DEDIANDONGHANGKONGSHIDAIYIRANDAOLAI。ZAIZHUANJIAMENKANLAI,DIANDONGHANGKONGYINQIZHUDUOYOUSHI,YICHENGWEISHIJIEHANGKONGLINGYUFAZHANDEQIANYANREDIAN。ZAIQUANQIUDOUZHANZAITONGYI“QIPAOXIAN”SHI,ZHONGGUOYINGNULIZHANLINGDIANDONGHANGKONGJISHUDEZHIGAODIAN。


下一代飞机的方向  

 

FEIJIZAIWEIRENMENCHUXINGTIGONGJIDABIANLIDETONGSHI,YEDAILAILELINGRENKUNRAODEHUANJINGHEWURANWENTI。LIRU,ZAOSHENGWURANJIRANGJICHANGJIHANGXIANFUJINDEJUMINKUBUKANYAN,YERANGJICANGNEIDECHENGKEYOUZHEJIAOCHADEFEIXINGTIYAN;HANGKONGMEIYOURANSHAOHOUPAIFANGCHUDALIANGERYANGHUATAN、DANYANGHUAWUDENGWENSHIQITI,JIAJUWENSHIXIAOYING;FEIJIWEIQIPAIFANGHAIHUIDAOZHIDALIANGWURANWUJUJIZAOCHENGKONGQIWURAN。


JUYUCE,SHIJIEHANGKONGYUNSHULVKEZHOUZHUANLIANGNIANJUNZENGSUWEI4.4%~4.7%,RENGCHUYUJIAOKUAIZENGSUQUJIAN,WEILAI20NIANHAIJIANGBAOCHIPINGJUNMEI15NIANFANYIFANDEZENGZHANGTAISHI。RUOBUCAIQUJIANPAICUOSHI,YUJIDAO2050NIAN,HANGKONGYETANPAIFANGJIANGZHANQUANQIUWENSHIQITIPAIFANGLIANGDE10%。


边锋游戏GUOJIHANGKONGYUNSHUXIEHUIHUYU,YINGTONGGUOQUANQIUXINGDEJIEJUEFANGANLAIJIANSHAOHANGKONGYEPAIFANG,BINGTICHUHANGKONGYEDEHUANJINGMUBIAO——DAO2050NIAN,TANPAIFANGLIANGBI2005NIANJINGJIANSHAO50%。“LINGPAIFANG”DEDIANDONGFEIJIDECHUXIANZEWEICONGGENBENSHANGSHIXIANLVSEHANGKONG、WANCHENGJIANPAIMUBIAOKAIPILEYITIAO“CHONGMANXIWANG”DELUJING。


边锋游戏“DIANDONGFEIJISHIYIDIANDONGJIDAIDONGLUOXUANJIANG、HANDAOFENGSHANHUOQITAZHUANGZHICHANSHENGQIANJINDONGLIDEFEIJI。”BEIJINGHANGKONGHANGTIANDAXUEHANGKONGKEXUEYUGONGCHENGXUEYUANJIAOSHOUHUANGJUNGAOSU《ZHONGGUOKEXUEBAO》。


与燃油发动机相比,电动机在环保方面有诸多优势。航空工业机载公司高级专务、航空电力系统航空科技重点实验室主任李开省指出,电动航空的核心和关键聚焦“三电”,即电动机、电控和电池(动力来源)。由它们组成的电推进系统使飞机排放接近于零排放、零污染,从而减少碳排放税的缴纳,降低成本。此外,电动航空产生的噪声相对较小,电动机的工作效率也要比燃油发动机高很多。


“ZHEISHIWOMENXIAYIDAIFEIJIDEFAZHANFANGXIANG。SHEIZAIDIANDONGHANGKONGDEGUANJIANHEXINJISHU,TEBIESHIFADONGJIJISHU(DIANTUIJINJISHU)SHANGLINGXIAN,SHEIJIUYOUKENENGLINGXIANSHIJIE。”LIKAISHENGSHUO。


DANGQIAN,GEGUOZHENGFU、GAOXIAO、KEYANYUANSUOHEQIYEDENGDOUZAIJIAKUAIGUANJIANJISHUYANFA,SHITUZHANLINGJISHUGAODI。ZHUANJIAMENBIAOSHI,MEIGUONENGYUANBUZHICHIDEXIANGMUZHENGSHISHITUJIEJUEDIANDONGJI“GAOGONGLV、XIAOZHONGLIANGYUXIEDIAOFARELENGQUE”YIJIDONGLINENGYUANXITONGZHEILIANGDAHEXINWENTI。


“WEILAI,ZAIJIANCHIZHIXINGTANPAIFANGBIAOZHUNDEQINGKUANGXIA,CHUANTONGCHAOPAIFANGLIANGDEFEIJIYOUKENENGZAOYUFEIXINGSHOUXIAN,SHENZHIBEITAOTAI。SHEIXIANYANFACHUKESHANGYONGDEDIANDONGFEIJI,SHEIJIUHUIQIANGZHANXIANJI。SUOYI,WOMENXUYAOJINZAOJINXINGZHANLVEBUJU。”HUANGJUNSHUO。


核心技术尚待突破   


“JINSHINIANLAI,JISHUFAZHANRANGHANGKONGYEFASHENGLETIANFANDIFUDEBIANHUA,MUQIANZHENGCHUZAIGEZHONGJISHU、YUANLIDEKUAISUBIANGEQI。”QINGHUADAXUEHANGTIANHANGKONGXUEYUANJIAOSHOUCHENHAIXINGAOSU《ZHONGGUOKEXUEBAO》。


DUIYUDIANDONGFEIJILAISHUO,ZHUANJIAMENYIZHIRENWEI,DIANTUIJINXITONGSHIDIANDONGFEIJIJISHUFAZHANDEHEXIN,DIANDONGFEIJIDEXINGNENGHEYONGTUZHUYAOQUJUEYUQIDIANTUIJINXITONG。ERDIANCHIZESHIDIANTUIJINXITONGDEGUANJIANBUJIANZHIYI,BEISHOUGUANZHUDESHILILIZIDIANCHI、QINGRANLIAODIANCHI、TAIYANGNENGDIANCHI、CHAODAODIANRONGDENG。


边锋游戏DIANCHIJISHUXUYAOKAOLVNENGLIANGMIDU、ANQUANXING、CHONGDIANSUDU、HUANBAOXINGDENGDUOFANGMIANYINSU。JINGUANJINNIANLAIDIANCHIJISHUYIQUDEJIAODAFAZHAN,DANRENGWUFAJIANGUANQUANXINGHEXUHANGNENGLI。“FEIJIDEZHONGLIANGQISHIJIUSHIZULI,FEIJISHEJIJIANGJIU‘WEIMEIYIKEZHONGLIANGERFENDOU’。RUODIANCHIHENZHONGHUOCHUCUNBULETAIDUODIANLIANG,ZEYIYIBUDA。YINCI,WOMENHAIYOUHENZHANGYIDUANLUYAOZOU。”CHENHAIXINSHUO。


MUQIAN,FEIJIRANYOUDENENGLIANGMIDUDAYUEWEI12700QIANWASHI/QIANKE,ERDIANCHINENGLIANGMIDUZUIDAJINNENGGOUDADAO500WASHI/QIANKE,LIANGZHEXIANGQUSHENYUAN。GAONENGLIANGMIDU、ZHANGSHOUMINGDEDIANCHIJISHUJIDAITUPO。


边锋游戏“BUGUO,CHUANTONGRANYOUFADONGJIXIAOLVJIAODI,DANGDIANCHINENGLIANGMIDUTIGAODAOYIDINGCHENGDUSHI,JIUYOUKENENGQUDAICHUANTONGDEFADONGJI。DANMUQIANYAOCAIYONGDIANLIXITONGZHIJIEQUDONGDAXINGFEIJIHAIYOUYIDINGKUNNAN。”DUICI,LIKAISHENGJIANYI,KECAIQUHUNHEDONGLITUIJINJISHUZUOWEIGUODUFANGAN。


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LIKAISHENGRENWEI,DIANDONGHANGKONGDEXIAYIDAIHEXINJISHUHAIYINGGUANZHUJICHENGDIANLIDIANZIKONGZHIJISHU,QIZHONGTANHUAGUIGAOWENDIANLIDIANZIJISHUSHIYANZHIDIANLIXITONGGAOGONGLVMIDUBIANHUANQIDEGUANJIAN。CIWAI,HAIYOUDIANDONGFEIJIZHENGTISHEJIJISHU。“JIUXIANGRENSHENTIJIANKANGXUYAOGEGEBUWEIJIANKANGYIYANG,ZHIYOUZHENGTISHEJIXIEDIAO,CAINENGZHIZAOCHUYIJIAXINGNENGYOULIANG、KEHUMANYIDEFEIJI”。


抓住弯道超车的好时机   


ZAICHENHAIXINKANLAI,DIANDONGCHUIZHIQIJIANGJI、ZHIXIANFEIJIDEDIANDONGHUA、CHUNDIANDONGFEIJIDESHIYONGHUAJIANGCHENGWEIWEILAIDIANDONGFEIJIGUANZHUDELINGYU。CIWAI,HAIYAOGUANZHUDIANDONGFEIJIZHENGGEDAXUNHUANNEIDEXIAOLVTISHENGHEJIENENGJIANPAIWENTI。


MUQIAN,4ZUOJIYIXIADEXIAOXINGDIANDONGFEIJIYISHIFEICHENGGONG,BUFENQUDESHIHANGXUKE。RUWOGUOZIZHUYANZHIDERX1ERUIXIANGSHUANGZUODIANDONGQINGXINGFEIJIHESIZUODIANDONGFEIJIRX4EJUNYISHOUFEICHENGGONG,QIANZHEYIYINGYONGYUFEIXINGYUANJIAOLIANJI;FAGUOKONGKEJITUANDEQUANDIANDONGE-FanYANZHENGJIYEJIJIANGZUOWEIJIAOLIANJISHIYONG。


ZAIKEYUJIANDEWEILAI,XIAOXINGDIANDONGFEIJIJIANGGUANGFANYINGYONGYUDUANTUYUNSHU、GUANGUANGLVXING、HANGKONGCEHUI、“KONGZHONGDESHI”DENGLINGYU,JICHENGKEYIGENGANJING、GAOXIAO、BIANLIDEFEIXINGTIYAN。DANSHI,GENGDAZUOJIDEKEJIHAITINGLIUZAIGAINIANTUHESHEJITUSHANG,YAOXIANGZHIZAOCHU150ZUOJIDEDAXINGSHANGYONGDIANDONGFEIJI,ZHISHAOHAIXUYAO20NIANSHIJIAN。


DANGQIAN,GEGUOZHENGFUYUQIYEFENFENJIADADIANDONGFEIJIYANFALIDU。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,JIEZHI2019NIAN6YUE,QUANQIUYUEYOU170GEZAIYANDIANTUIJINFEIJIXIANGMU,ZHUYAOJIZHONGYUBEIMEIHEOUZHOUDIQU。WOGUODIANDONGHANGKONGYEYERUYUHOUCHUNSUNBANQUANMIANFAZHAN,ZHUANJIAMENHUYU,GUOJIAYINGJIADAZHICHILIDU,TIGAOQIXINGYEJINGZHENGLI。


CHENHAIXINJUEDE,BUFANGRANGQIYEXIANDONGQILAI,“BAIHUAQIFANG”,RANGSHICHANGXUQIUQUDONGJISHUDEFAZHAN,GUOJIAFAHUIYINDAOZUOYONG。LIKAISHENGZEBIAOSHI,MUQIANZHENGSHIWOGUOSHIXIANWANDAOCHAOCHEDEHAOSHIJI,ZAIKEYANYUANSUO、MINQIHEGUOQIGEZIFAHUIYOUSHIDETONGSHI,GUOJIAKEZUJIANDIANDONGHANGKONGGUOJIADUIJIAQIANGGONGGUANLILIANG,BUJINTUIDONGZHENGGEXINGYEFAZHAN,HAIJIANGDAIDONGCHAODAODENGGONGYEDAFAZHAN。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,XUYAOZHIDINGDIANDONGHANGKONGJISHUDEFAZHANZHANLVEHELUXIANTU,FENJIEDUAN、FENPISHISHI,ZUODAOYOUDEFANGSHI。


边锋游戏WOGUODIANDONGFEIJIDEXINGHAOYANFAYIYUGUOJITONGBU,ZHEIWEIJINHOUFAZHANDIANDINGLELIANGHAOJICHU。“GUOJIAYAOXIANGZHICHIDIANDONGQICHEYIYANGZHICHIDIANDONGHANGKONGDEFAZHAN。”HUANGJUNBIAOSHI,“ZHEISHIYIGEQUANXINDESHIWU,XUYAOZHONGXINJIANLILILUNHEJISHUTIXI,XUYAODUOXUEKESHEJIZHAODAOOUHEXIAOYING,CAINENGTISHENGZHENGTIXIAOLV,RENHEDANFANGMIANDETUPODOUSHIBUGOUDE。”


稿件来源: 中国科学报
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