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杨裕生:低速电动车技术标准不应限定电池品种
2017-01-15 16:54:00
关键词:百人会2017百人会杨裕生

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边锋游戏TUWEIZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHIYANGYUSHENGFABIAOYANJIANG 


边锋游戏  1YUE14RI-15RI,ZHONGGUODIANDONGQICHEBAIRENHUILUNTAN(2017)ZAIBEIJINGDIAOYUTAIGUOBINGUANJUXING。ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHIYANGYUSHENGFABIAOYANJIANG。

  YIXIAWEIYANJIANGNEIRONG:

  GEWEIPENGYOUXIAWUHAO,WOJINTIANXIANGJIANGYIJIANGGUANYUSILUNDISUDIANDONGCHEJISHUTIAOJIAN,YEJIUSHIXIANZAIZHENGZAIZHIDINGDEDISUDIANDONGCHEDEJISHUBIAOZHUN。WOJUEDEBUYINGGAIXIANDINGDIANCHIDEPINZHONG,JIANGYIXIELIYOU,ZAIBUZAILIDAJIAKEYILAIPINGPAN。

  WEIXIAOXINGDIANDONGQICHEYOUQISHICHENGYONGCHEYOUSHITUCHU,HAODIANSHAO、YONGCAISHAO、DIANCHISHAO、CHESHENDUAN、TISHOUXIAO,SUIZHEGONGZHONGJIANPAIYISHIJIAQIANG,MIANZIGUANXIJIANRUO,WEIXIAOXINGDIANDONGQICHEJIANGHUIFENGMIQUANGUO,DISUXIAOXINGDIANDONGCHEDEYOUDIANGENGJIATUCHU,ANQUAN、JIENENG、JIANPAI,GUANGDAQUNZHONGSHIFENHUANYING。

  《SILUNDISUDIANDONGCHEJISHUTIAOJIAN》BIAOZHUNGONGZUOZUDIYICIHUIYIYU2016NIAN10YUE18RIZAIBEIJINGZHAOKAI,ZHEISHIZHIDEQINGXINGDESHIQING。DIERCIHUIYISHANGDEDAOLEXIAMIANDEJIEGUO,DUIMINGCHENG、SUDU、ZUOWEI、ANQUANDENGDOUYOULECHUBUDEJIELUN。DIYICIGONGZUOZUHUIYISHANGGONGXINBUSHOUYIGONGZUOZUPAICHUQIANSUANDIANCHI,2016NIAN12YUE30RIDEDISANCIGONGZUOZUHUIYISHANGJINYIBUMINGQUELEZHEIGEYITU,XIANZAIYIJINGCHENGWEIHUISHANG、HUIWAIZHENGLUNDEJIAODIAN,DAODIYAOBUYAOXIANDING“BUYONGQIANSUANDIANCHI”?

  电池各有优点,应该允许公平竞争发展。不同种类电池各有缺点,都有待提高和完善,保证安全第一,确保燃烧爆炸的事故几率极低。

  第一个问题是污染问题。现有的电池都用化学材料,处理不当都会污染环境,“目前所有锂离子电池是绿色的”,这只是一知半解。边锋游戏锂离子电池从原料即石墨开始,从含量百分之几的矿当中提取金矿,尾矿堆积如山,废水横流。从金矿当中分离出石墨需要用大量的铁和酸溶掉无机物,这又产生了大量废水,锂离子电池里面的六氟磷酸锂在制备当中用含氟的化学品,废电池处理当中六氟磷酸锂一遇到水汽立即就产生氟化氢,它是有机溶剂,会挥发,废电池处理中排出大量的有机溶剂。这是锂离子电池对环境造成的危害,这个危害是可以治理的,但是现在还并没有治理得很好。

边锋游戏  WOGUOQIANSUANDIANCHICHANYELIANZHONGCHUXIANGUOWURANWENTI,SHIYOUYUFAGUIBUJIANQUAN、GUANLIBUSHAN、JIANGUANBULI,ERBUSHIDIANCHIDEGUOCUO。MEIGUODEQIANSUANDIANCHICHANLIANGHEWOGUOXIANGDANG,DANBUSHUYUWURANCHANYE。JINJINIANGONGXINBU、HUANBAOBULIANSHOUDALIZHILIWOGUODEQIANSUANDIANCHIXINGYE,XINGYEMIANMAOYIJINGDAWEIGAIGUAN,WOGUOFANGSHOUSHIYONGQIANSUANDIANCHIBIAOSHIZHENGFUYOUCHEDIZHENGZHIDEJUEXINHEXINXIN。LILIZIDIANCHIHEQIANSUANDIANCHIXINGYEZHONGDEWURAN,ZHENGFUDOUYAOZHUAJINZHILI,ERBUDANDANSHIZHENDUIQIANSUANDIANCHI。

  ZHENGFUGUANLIHAOFEILILIZIDIANCHIDECHULIWENTIPOZAIMEIJIE。RUGUORENWEILILIZIDIANCHISHILVSEDE,ZHEIYANGDEYIZHIBANJIEJIANGYAODAOZHISHUYUGUANLI。

  DIERSHIANQUANWENTI。LILIZIDIANCHIZUZHEHUOSHIJIANPINFA,LILIZIDIANCHISHIHANNENGBUJIAN,YOUHANYOUYOUJIRONGJI,SHIYIRANWU,YUANMANJIEJUEYAOXIAGONGFU,YAOYOUGEGUOCHENG;BINENGLIANGYUEGAO,RANSHAOBAOZHASHIGUJILVYEYUEGAO,QIANSUANDIANCHIZUITUCHUDEYOUDIANSHIANQUANXINGGAO,HAIYOUQITADEYOUDIAN。YINCI,FANDUISHIYONGQIANSUANDIANCHIDELIYOUSHICUNZAIHUANJINGWURAN,ZHEISHICUOWUDE。LIANGGEYINHUANDOUYAOTONGGUOGUANLIHEJISHUJINBUXIAOCHU。

边锋游戏  QIANSUANDIANCHIYIJINGYIKAOJISHUJINBUKEFUQUEDIAN。ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANHEZHONGGUODIANCHIGONGYEXIEHUILIANXUJUBANLESIJIEQIANSUANDIANCHIXINJISHUYANTAOHUI,TUIGUANGLEHENDUOXINJISHU,DAOLEGONGXINBU2014NIANZAI“QIANGJIGONGCHENG”LIMIANZHICHILEQITINGSHIYONGDEQIANTANDIANCHI,ZHEISHIJINNIANLAIQIANSUANDIANCHILIMIANYIGEJUDADEJINBU,YINWEIHAODUONIANMEIYOUDEDAOZHENGFUDEZHICHILE;ZHICHILELIANGJIAQIYE,QIANSUANDIANCHIDESHUIPINGHEGUIMODOUSHANGLEYIGEDATAIJIE,MEIYIJIADAGAIZHICHILEJIANGJIN2000WAN,XIANZAIBURANGDISUDIANDONGCHESHIYONGZHEIMEHAODEDIANCHI,WUYIYUGONGXINBUZIDA“QIANGJIGONGCHENG”DANGTOUYIBANG。

  另外,限定电池品种不利于新电池的发展。边锋游戏我国正在研发多种新型电池,国家科技部“十三五”国家重点研发计划里面有高安全、长寿命、和低成本钠基储能电池学术问题研究,还有下一步动力电池锂硫电池,全国现在有几十家院所、企业正在大力研究。低速电动车技术标准如果限定电池的品种,将来出一种新电池就得修订一次标准,科研人员也摸不透新研究的电池是否为标准所接纳,将无所适从。

  部件品种由企业选择,市场当裁判员。电池、电机、电控等部件的品种都很多,都应该由企业根据总体设计和市场进行选择,没有必要有标准越俎代庖。边锋游戏“三电”当中单独限定电池品种更加没有道理。欧、美、日法规当中低速电动车标准里面都没有限定电池,未排斥铅酸电池,装有铅酸电池的中国品牌低速电动车行销国外。因此,中国的低速电动车标准不应该限制铅酸电池,应该让市场当裁判员。

边锋游戏  PAICHIQIANSUANDIANCHISHIFUDICHOUXINDEHENZHAO。MUQIANDEDISUDIANDONGCHEDAYUEYOU95%SHIYONGQIANSUANDIANCHI,ZAOJIULEDISUDIANDONGCHEZUIWEILIANJIAQIEJIENENGJIANPAI,TABUYAOGUOJIABUTIE,YI50%DENIANZENGZHANGSUDUFAZHAN,DANYEDUICHUANTONGRANYOUCHEHEXIANGSHOUBUTIEDEDIANDONGCHEXINGCHENGLEWEIXIE,KENENGZHEIJIUSHIWOGUODISUDIANDONGCHEBIAOZHUNTUICHILUOHOUGUOWAIJINIANDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。XIANZAIKAISHIZHIDINGDISUDIANDONGCHEBIAOZHUN,DANGRANYINGGAIBIAOSHIHUANYING,DANSHIQIANHUWANHUANSHICHULAIDEBIAOZHUNJIRENMIANQIANG、BEIDONGDEGANJUE。WOMENMEIGERENDOUYINGGAIMENXINZIWEN:WOSHICONGGUOJIADAJU、CONGJIENENGJIANPAILAIDUIDAIDISUDIANDONGCHEFAZHANDEMA?PAICHIQIANSUANDIANCHISHIFOUSHIBIANZHEFAJIXUDAYADISUDIANDONGCHE?

边锋游戏  QIANSUANDIANCHIQUANQIU、QUANGUODOUZAISHIYONG。MEIYILIANGRANYOUQICHEDOUYONGYIKUAIQIANSUANDIANCHI,WUYILIWAI,QUANGUOXIANZAIYIJINGYOU3YILIANGRANYOUCHE,JIUYOU3YIDUOKUAIQIANSUANDIANCHI,3YIDUOKUAIQIANSUANDIANCHIKEYIYONG,BAISHIWANLIANGDEDISUDIANDONGCHEWEISHENMEJIUBUNENGYONG?QITINGCHE、GUANGUANGCHE、WULIUCHE、DIANDONGZIXINGCHEDOUYUNXUYONGQIANSUANDIANCHI,HUOLIFADIANCHANG、HEDIANZHAN、TONGXUNJIZHANDENGYEGUANGFANZAISHIYONGQIANSUANDIANCHI,WEIHEBURANGDISUDIANDONGCHEYONG,YAOJIANGQINGDAOLI。BUYAOGAOSHUANGZHONGBIAOZHUN,GUANYUANYAOJIANGYUANZECAIYOUWEIXIN,GAOSHUANGZHONGBIAOZHUNBUDERENXIN。GUANYUANMENDOUSHIGONGCHANDANGYUAN,YAODAIBIAOZUIGUANGDAQUNZHONGDEZHANGYUANLIYI,BUYAOZIJUEBUZIJUEDIZHANDAOLIYIJITUANDELICHANG。

  ZUIHOUSHIJI《SILUNDISUDIANDONGCHEJISHUTIAOJIAN》BIAOZHUNGONGZUOZUJIANYAN,WOMENZUZHANGXIANZAIZAICHANG。

边锋游戏  1、GONGZUOZUSHIZAIQICAOFAGUI,SHIFEICHANGYANSUDEYIJIANGONGZUO,YAODUIQUANTIZHONGGUORENMINFUZE,ERBUSHIZHIDUIBUMENFUZE。

边锋游戏  2、ZHIDING《SILUNDISUDIANDONGCHEJISHUTIAOJIAN》BIAOZHUNDEMUDESHI“TUIDONGDISUDIANDONGCHEXIANGGUIFANHUAFANGXIANGFAZHAN”。YAOTONGGUOGUIFANHUADADAOFAZHAN,ERFEIJIEGUIFANHUAZHIMING“ESHA”。

边锋游戏  3、ZHUANJIAMENYAOCHONGFENSHUOLI,SHUOHUAYAOFUZE,YAOJILUZAIAN。GONGZUOYAOCHONGFENTOUMING,YAOJIESHOUQUNZHONGJIANDU。KENENGYOURENHUISHUO,ZHEIYANGJIUHUIYINGXIANG“CHANGSUOYUYAN”,WOSHUOBUDUI,ZHEILISHIZHIDINGFAGUI,KEYI“CHANGSUOLIGUOLIMINZHIYAN”,BUKE“CHANGSUIXINSUOYUZHIYAN”。

  ZUIHOU,WOHAISHIYAOZHENCHENGDIGANXIEGONGXINBUZHIXINGGUOWUYUANDEZHISHI,TUIDONGLEDISUDIANDONGCHEBIAOZHUNDEZHIDING,ZHEISHIHENBURONGYIDEYIJIANSHI。NIERZHONGYANYAOJIANG,SUOYIWOJINTIANJIANGLEXUDUO,TAMENDEGONGLAOYEYAOKENDING。

  XIEXIEDAJIA。

  (GENJUFAYANZHENGLI,WEIJINGBENRENSHENHE。)


稿件来源: 中国电动汽车百人会
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