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工信部解读新能源汽车生产企业及产品准入管理规定
2017-01-17 09:11:00
关键词:新能源汽车新能源新能源企业

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  RIQIAN,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUGONGBULE《XINNENGYUANQICHESHENGCHANQIYEJICHANPINZHUNRUGUANLIGUIDING》(GONGYEHEXINXIHUABULINGDI39HAO,YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIDING》)。WEILEGENGHAOLIJIEHEZHIXING《GUIDING》,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUZHENGCEFAGUISIFUZETONGZHIDUI《GUIDING》JINXINGLEJIEDU。

  问:制定《规定》的背景是什么?

  答:制定《规定》,是依法保障人民群众生命财产安全和新能源汽车产品安全的迫切需要。近年来,我国新能源汽车产业快速发展,新能源汽车保有量快速增长。与此同时,不少生产企业的产品质量管控能力不足,产品安全隐患和风险也相应增加。2011年以来,我国发生了31起电动汽车安全事故,其中2015年和2016年上半年分别达到9起、8起,加强安全管理刻不容缓。尽快制定《规定》,强化新能源汽车产品安全要求,是保障人民群众生命财产安全和公共利益的迫切需要。

边锋游戏  ZHIDING《GUIDING》,SHILUOSHIFAZHANXINNENGYUANQICHEGUOJIAZHANLVEDENEIZAIYAOQIU。DANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANGAODUZHONGSHIXINNENGYUANQICHECHANYEFAZHAN,YINFALE《JIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHECHANYEFAZHANGUIHUA(2012-2020NIAN)》《GUANYUJIAKUAIXINNENGYUANQICHETUIGUANGYINGYONGDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》DENGZHONGYAOWENJIAN,MINGQUEJIANGFAZHANXINNENGYUANQICHEZUOWEIGUOJIAZHANLVE。2009NIAN,WOBUFABULE《XINNENGYUANQICHESHENGCHANQIYEJICHANPINZHUNRUGUANLIGUIZE》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《ZHUNRUGUIZE》),DUIYUTUIDONGCHANYEANQUANKEKONG、JIANKANGYOUXUFAZHANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。DANSUIZHEXINNENGYUANQICHESHICHANGKUAISUFAZHANHEJISHUSHUIPINGDEDAFUTISHENG,《ZHUNRUGUIZE》YIBUNENGMANZUGUANLIXUYAO;TONGSHI,XINNENGYUANQICHECHANYEYEMIANLINZHECHANPINANQUANFENGXIANTUXIAN、ZHUNRUTIAOJIANPIANDI、XINGYESANLUANFAZHANQUSHIJIAJUDENGTUCHUWENTI。WEILECUJINXINNENGYUANQICHECHANYECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHAN,JIXUZONGJIEJINNIANLAICHANYEFAZHANHEGUANLIDEJINGYAN,JIAKUAIZHIDING《GUIDING》。

  问:《规定》制定过程是怎样的?

  答:2015年8月,我部启动了《规定》起草工作。在起草过程中,重点开展了如下工作:

  YISHIZUZHIKAIZHANQICAOLUNZHENG。ZUZHIDUI《GUIDING》DEKUANGJIAJIEGOU、ZHIDUSHEJI、WENZIBIAOSHUDENGJINXINGLEFANFUYANJIU,ZUZHIQICAOLEXIANGGUANZHIDU。DUILIFAZHONGDEZHONGDIANWENTIJINXINGLEZHUANTIYANJIU,DUIYOUGUANZHIDUJINXINGLEWANSHAN,XINGCHENGLE《GUIDING(ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO)》。

边锋游戏  ERSHIGUANGFANZHENGQIUGEFANGMIANYIJIAN。ZAIQICAOGUOCHENGZHONG,GUANGFANTINGQULEYOUGUANBUMEN、XINGYEZUZHI、ZHUANJIAXUEZHEHESHENGCHANQIYEDEYIJIAN。2016NIAN7YUE、10YUE,WOBULIANGCIZHAOKAIHUIYI,TINGQULEYIQI、DONGFENG、BEIQIDENGSHENGCHANQIYEDEYIJIAN。8YUE,WOBUTONGGUOGUOWUYUANFAZHIBAN“ZHONGGUOZHENGFUFAZHIXINXIWANG”HEWOBUMENHUWANGZHAN,JIANG《GUIDING》XIANGSHEHUIGONGKAIZHENGQIULEYIJIAN,BINGTONGBUZHENGQIULEFAZHANGAIGEWEIDENG11GEBUMEN、GESHENGJIGONGYEHEXINXIHUAZHUGUANBUMEN、YOUGUANQIYEDEYIJIAN。10YUE14RI,WOBUZAICIZHAOKAIZUOTANHUI,ZHUANMENTINGQULEZIZHIZIYONGDIPANDEGAIZHUANGLEISHENGCHANQIYEDEYIJIAN。TONGSHI,WOMENDUIGEFANGMIANFANKUIDEBUSHENGZHIZEFENGONG、JIADACHUFALIDUDENGWENTIJINXINGLERENZHENYANJIU,JINYIBUXIUGAIWANSHANLE《GUIDING》YOUGUANZHIDU。10YUE20RI,WOBUDI26CIBUWUHUIYIDUI《GUIDING(CAOAN)》JINXINGLESHENYI。

  SANSHIXIANGSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHIJINXINGLETONGBAO。GENJUWOBUBUWUHUIYIDESHENYIYIJIAN,ANZHAOSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHI(WTO)YOUGUANGUIZE,2016NIAN12YUE,WOMENJIANG《GUIDING(CAOAN)》JINXINGLEWTO/TBTTONGBAO,YANJIUDAFULEYOUGUANCHENGYUANDEPINGYIYIJIAN。

  ZAISHANGSHUGONGZUODEJICHUSHANG,2017NIAN1YUE6RI,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABULINGDI39HAOGONGBULE《GUIDING》。《GUIDING》JIANGZI2017NIAN7YUE1RIQISHIXING。

  问:《规定》的主要内容包括哪些方面?

  答:边锋游戏《规定》共三十二条,主要规定了如下内容:

  YISHIMINGQUELEXINNENGYUANQICHEDEDINGYIHEFANWEI。GENJU《JIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHECHANYEFAZHANGUIHUA(2012-2020NIAN)》(GUOFA〔2012〕22HAO),《GUIDING》DISANTIAOMINGQUELEXINNENGYUANQICHEDEDINGYI,BINGJIANGFANWEIQUEDINGWEICHADIANSHIHUNHEDONGLI(HANZENGCHENGSHI)QICHE、CHUNDIANDONGQICHEHERANLIAODIANCHIQICHEDENG。

  ERSHIWANSHANLESHENGCHANQIYEZHUNRUTIAOJIAN。SHENQINGXINNENGYUANQICHESHENGCHANQIYEZHUNRUDE,SHENQINGRENYINGDANGSHIYIQUDECHELIANGSHENGCHANQIYEZHUNRUDEQICHESHENGCHANQIYEHUOZHEYIWANCHENGTOUZIXIANGMUSHOUXUDEXINJIANQICHESHENGCHANQIYE;FUHEXIANGTONGLEIBIEDECHANGGUIQICHESHENGCHANQIYEZHUNRUGUANLIGUIZE;JUBEISHEJIKAIFANENGLI、SHENGCHANNENGLI、SHENGCHANYIZHIXINGBAOZHENGNENGLI、SHOUHOUFUWUJICHANPINANQUANBAOZHANGNENGLI。TONGSHI,《GUIDING》SUOFUDE《XINNENGYUANQICHESHENGCHANQIYEZHUNRUSHENCHAYAOQIU》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《ZHUNRUSHENCHAYAOQIU》)JINYIBUGUIDINGLE17XIANGSHENCHAYAOQIU,MINGQUELESHENGCHANQIYEZHUNRUTIAOJIAN。

边锋游戏  SANSHIWANSHANLECHANPINZHUNRUTIAOJIAN。SHENQINGZHUNRUDEXINNENGYUANQICHECHANPIN,YINGDANGFUHEYOUGUANFALVFAGUIHEANQUANJISHUTIAOJIAN,FUHE《XINNENGYUANQICHECHANPINZHUANXIANGJIANYANXIANGMUJIYIJUBIAOZHUN》YIJIXIANGTONGLEIBIEDECHANGGUIQICHEXIANGGUANBIAOZHUN,JINGJIANCEJIGOUJIANCEHEGE。TONGSHI,《GUIDING》SUOFUDE《XINNENGYUANQICHECHANPINZHUANXIANGJIANYANXIANGMUJIYIJUBIAOZHUN》ZHONGJINYIBUGUIDINGLE39XIANGJIANYANBIAOZHUN,MINGQUELECHANPINZHUNRUTIAOJIAN。

  SISHIJIANLILEYUNXINGANQUANZHUANGTAIJIANCEZHIDU。SHENGCHANQIYEYINGDANGJIANLIXINNENGYUANQICHECHANPINYUNXINGANQUANZHUANGTAIJIANCEPINGTAI,ANZHAOYUYONGHUDEXIEYI,DUIYIXIAOSHOUCHANPINDEYUNXINGANQUANZHUANGTAIJINXINGJIANCE。WEILEBAOHUYONGHUXINXI,《GUIDING》YAOQIUSHENGCHANQIYETUOSHANBAOGUANYUNXINGANQUANZHUANGTAIXINXI,BUDEXIELU、CUANGAI、HUISUN、CHUSHOUHUOZHEFEIFAXIANGTARENTIGONG,BUDEJIANCEYUYUNXINGANQUANZHUANGTAIWUGUANDEXINXI。

边锋游戏  WUSHIWANSHANLEJIANDUJIANCHACUOSHI。《GUIDING》MINGQUE:GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUTONGGUOZILIAOSHENCHA、SHIDIHECHADENGFANGSHI,DUISHENGCHANQIYEDE《ZHUNRUSHENCHAYAOQIU》BAOCHIQINGKUANG、SHENGCHANYIZHIXINGQINGKUANGDENGJINXINGJIANDUJIANCHA;SHENGJIGONGYEHEXINXIHUAZHUGUANBUMENDUIBENXINGZHENGQUYUNEISHENGCHANQIYEDESHENGCHANQINGKUANGJINXINGJIANDUJIANCHA。DUIYUTINGCHAN12GEYUEYISHANGDEQIYE,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUYUYITEBIEGONGSHI,ZAIHUIFUSHENGCHANQIANYINGDANGDUIQIBAOCHI《ZHUNRUSHENCHAYAOQIU》DEQINGKUANGJINXINGHECHA。

  LIUSHIQIANGHUALEFALVZEREN。DUIYUYINMANYOUGUANQINGKUANG、TIGONGXUJIACAILIAOSHENQINGZHUNRUDE,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUBUYUSHOULIHUOZHEBUYUZHUNRU,JIYUJINGGAO,SHENQINGRENZAIYINIANNEIBUDEZAICISHENQINGZHUNRU;YIQIPIAN、HUILUDENGBUZHENGDANGSHOUDUANQUDEZHUNRUDE,CHEXIAOQIZHUNRU,SHENQINGRENZAISANNIANNEIBUDEZAICISHENQINGZHUNRU。SHENGCHANQIYESHENGCHAN、XIAOSHOUWEILIERU《DAOLUJIDONGCHELIANGSHENGCHANQIYEJICHANPINGONGGAO》DEXINNENGYUANQICHECHEXINGDE,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUYIJU《DAOLUJIAOTONGANQUANFA》YUYICHUFA。

  问:《规定》在强化新能源汽车产品安全要求、保障人民群众生命财产安全方面做了哪些规定?

  答:边锋游戏新能源汽车产品直接关系人民群众生命财产安全和公共利益、公共安全。《规定》从以下三个方面,强化了新能源汽车产品的安全要求,包括:一是完善生产企业和产品准入要求。《规定》要求新能源汽车生产企业应当具备生产新能源汽车产品所必需的设计开发能力、生产能力、产品生产一致性保证能力及产品安全保障能力;申请新能源汽车产品准入的,应当符合《电动汽车安全要求第1部分:车载可充电储能系统(REESS)》《电动汽车碰撞后安全要求》等电动汽车安全专项检验标准。二是建立新能源汽车产品运行安全状态监测制度。《规定》要求生产企业建立新能源汽车产品运行安全状态监测平台,按照与新能源汽车产品用户的协议,对已销售产品的运行安全状态进行监测,并妥善保管运行安全状态信息。三是建立了“叫停”制度。《规定》明确了生产企业发现新能源汽车产品存在安全等严重问题的,应当立即停止相关产品的生产、销售,采取措施进行整改;生产企业不能保持《准入审查要求》,存在公共安全、人身健康、生命财产安全隐患的,工业和信息化部应当责令其停止生产、销售活动,并责令立即改正。

  问:《规定》在明确新能源汽车生产企业及产品准入管理制度的同时,怎样落实国家有关“放管服”改革要求?

  答:根据国务院有关“简政放权、放管结合、优化服务”等改革要求,《规定》着力规范审批、优化服务、利企便民。一是根据《行政许可法》有关要求,明确了新能源汽车生产企业及产品准入的条件、程序和期限。二是简化了审批程序。申请新能源汽车生产企业准入,如已通过了相同类别的常规汽车生产企业准入审查的,将免予审查《准入审查要求》的相关要求;取得插电式混合动力汽车、燃料电池汽车产品准入的生产企业,申请相同类别的纯电动汽车产品准入的,只进行资料审查;现有新能源汽车整车生产企业按照本规定进行改造、审查时,将免予审查其取得准入时已审查的有关内容。三是进一步规范了检测活动,要求检测机构严格按规定开展检测工作,不得擅自变更检测要求。


稿件来源: 工信部政策法规司
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