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戴文刚:三位纳硅在蓄电池中的应用技术
2016-09-09 18:30:00
关键词:酸蓄电池技术交流会戴文刚

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DONGGUANSHIDEDONGNAMIKEJIYOUXIANGONGSIDEFUZONGJINGLIDAIWENGANGZHICI

  2016NIAN9YUE9RISHANGWU,2016SHOUJIEZHONGGUOGUOJIQIANSUANXUDIANCHIJISHUJIAOLIUHUIZAISICHUANZHAOKAI。DONGGUANSHIDEDONGNAMIKEJIYOUXIANGONGSIDEFUZONGJINGLIDAIWENGANGZHICI,NEIRONGRUXIA。

  GEWEIDAIBIAO、GEWEIZHUANJIA,DAJIAHAO。SANWEINAMIGUIDEYANZHICHENGGONG,BIAOZHIZHEWOGUOYIJINGYONGYOULEZIZHUDEXUDIANCHIGUIJIAOJISHU,GAIBIANLEGUOWAIGUIJIAOCAILIAOZAIZHONGGUOXUDIANCHIXINGYEDELONGDUANDIWEI,DIANDINGLEMINZUPINPAIDEJICHU。SANWEINAMIGUISHITONGGUODANFENSANJISHUYANZHIDEYIZHONGXINXINGGUIJIAOCAILIAO,ZAIQIANSUANXUDIANCHIZHONGYINGYONGTIXIANCHUDEZHONGDIANYOUSHIYOUYIXIAWUGEFANGMIAN:

  YI、JIAOQIANGDEGUIJIAOXIFULI,WANQUANJIEJUELEDIANJIEYEZAIXUDIANCHIZHONGDEFENCENGXIANXIANG

  ER、XINGCHENGWENDINGDESANWEINAMIJIEKONGSUIDAO,TIGAOLELIUSUANGENLIZIDIANQIANYISUDU,CONGERSHIDIANJIFANYINGSUDUJIAKUAI,GAISHANLEXUDIANCHIDEGEXIANGDIANXINGNENG。

  3、YOUXIAOJIEJUELECAIYONGQIXIANGERYANGHUAGUIHEJINKOUGUIRONGJIAODIANJIEYEDENINGJIAOSHIJIANDUAN、GUANZHUKUNNANDENANTI。TONGSHIJIANSHAODUISHEBEIDEQINGXISHIJIAN,TIGAOLESHENGCHANXIAOLV,JIANSHAOLERENGONGWEIHUCHENGBEN。

  4、SANNIANLAICONGYUWOSIHEZUODEXUDIANCHIQIYEZAISHIYONG“SANWEINAMIGUI”DETONGJISHUJUXIANSHI,DAFUDUJIANSHAOLEDIANCHISHOUHOUWEIHUCHENGBEN,KESHITUIHUOLVYOU8%JIANZHI3% ZUOYOU。

  5、SANWEINAMIGUICAILIAOJUYOUHENQIANGDEJIAGEYOUSHI,YUJINKOUQIGUI、GUIRONGJIAODEJIAGE XIANGBIJIANGDILE25%。YIGENIANCHANZHIZAIBAIYIDEXUDIANCHIQIYETONGBIQINGKUANGXIA,KEZHIJIEJIEYUEDANXIANGCAILIAOCHENGBENWEISANQIANWANZUOYOU。 YINCI,SANWEINAMIGUIJIAOZAIQIANSUANXUDIANCHIZHONGJUYOULIANGHAODEYINGYONGQIANJING。

  SANWEINAMIGUI——SHICAIYONG“GUIKELIDANFENSANJISHU”YANZHIDEYIZHONGGAOWENDINGXINGSANWEIWANGZHUANGJIEGOU(QINGJIAN)DENAMIERYANGHUAGUIJIAOTI,JIAOLIZHIJINGWEI6~10nm,QIJISHUTEDIANSHISANWEIWANGZHUANGJIEGOUZAIWAILI(JIANQIELI、DIANCHANGLI、LIZIFENLI)DEZUOYONGXIAERBAOCHIWENDINGDEGANGXING,ZHANGSHIJIANBUCHUXIANSHUIHUAHEGUILIE,SHIZHONGBAOHULIZIYUNDONGJIAOXIAODEMOCAZULI、SONGCHIZULIHEJIAODADEDIANYONGLI,CONGERTIGAOLIZIHUODU,ZENGQIANGLIZICANJIADIANJIFANYINGNENGLI。

  WOFANGYONGYOUXIANJINDEGUIKELIDANFENSANJISHU,GUIKELIBIBIAOMIANJIWEI450m2/g。DANFENSANJISHUZHUYAOSHIYIKAOSHUIJIEYUCHAOSHENGBOFENSANGONGYIPEIHE,DEDAODANYIFENSANXIDEGUIKELI,KELIXINGZHUANGDANYI、CHICUNKEKONG。

  CAIYONG“GUIKELIDANFENSANJISHU”YANZHIDESANWEINAMIGUIJIAOLI,KONGJIANDUICHENGXINGHAO,QIXINGCHENGDEJIEKONGKONGJINGJUNYUNKEKONG,SHIGOUCHENGDUOJIEKONGJIAOCUZUZHIDEZHONGYAOJICHU。SANWEINAMIGUIDEJIEKONGSUIDAOLIYONGDANFENSANKELIHECHENGYOUXUPAILIEJIEGOU。

  .YI、SHUIJIEFA,WOFANGYANFADESHUIJIEFA,SHILIYONGYUANLIAOSHUIJIEFANYING,BOLICHUYUANLIAOZHONGDABUFENZAZHI,JIANGERYANGHUAGUICONGYUANLIAOZHONGFENLICHULAI,YIBIANCHAOSHENGBODUIGUIKELIJINXINGXIHUAFENSAN。

  ER、CHAOSHENGBOFENSANFAZUOYONGJILI:GONGZHENYUANLI。CHAOSHENGKONGHUASHIYETIDEYIZHONGJIQIFUZADEWULIHUAXUEXIANXIANG,YETIZHONGDEWEIXIAOPAOHEZAICHAOSHENGBOZUOYONGXIABEIJIHUA,SUIHOUBIAOXIANWEIPAOHEDEZHENDANG、SHENGZHANG、SHOUSUOJIBENGKUIDENGYIXILIEDONGLIXUEGUOCHENG。ERWOMENZHAOLEGUIKELIDEGONGZHENPINLV,TONGGUODUIGUIKELICHIXUGONGZHEN,BUDUANXIHUAFENJIE,ZUIZHONGDEDAONAMIJIKELI。JINGCHAOSHENGBOGONGZHENXIAOYING,GUIKELIDANFENSANDEXIAOGUODEDAOLEJIDATIGAO。 

  SANWEINAMIGUIPEIZHIDIANJIEYEHOUDEJIAOTUANCUZHIJINGWEI6μmYIXIA,ERAGMGEBANCHANGYONGDEKONGJINGWEI15-22μm,SUOYIJIAOLINENGGOUZIYOUJINRUGEBANKONGXINEIBINGLIANTONGZHENGFUJIBAN,ZHEIXIEJIAOLICONGFENZILIANGJIXIWEIGUANCHA,QUANBUWEINAMIJIDEFENGWOXINGJIEKONG,CONGFUJIDAOZHENGJIGUANCHUANXINGCHENGLERUOGANJIEKONGSUIDAO,DIANJIEYEYUHUOXINGLIZIJIYANG

  QIZHENGSHIZAIJIEKONGSUIDAOZHONGTONGXING,JIBAOZHENGLEDIANJIEYEDEHUAXUEWENDINGXINGHELIZICHUANSHUDECHANGTONGXING,YOUBAOZHENGYANGQITONGDAODEGUIZEHUA。

  SANWEINAMIGUIJIAOCUSHIYIZHONGDUOZHONGJIEKONGSUIDAOZUZHIJIEGOU,ZAIXUDIANCHIDIANHUAFANYINGGUOCHENGZHONGQINGQI(H2)、YANGQI(O2) 、QIANLIZI(Pb2+)HELIUSUANGEN(SO42-)DENGQIANYILIZIDOUZAIJIEKONGSUIDAOZHONGGUILVXINGYIDONGHECHUANSHU,JIJIEKONGSUIDAOXIANGDANGYUGAOSUGONGLU,QIANYILIZIHEQITIFENZIXIANGDANGYUCHICHENGZAIGAOSUGONGLUJIAN,ZAIZHENGFUJIBANJIANYOUXIAOWANGFANGAOSUYUNDONG,TIGAOLEDIANJIEYEZHONGQIANYILIZICANJIADIANJIFANYINGDESUDUHEXIAOLV,TONGSHIYOUXIAODIJIEJUELEDIANJIEYEFENCENGXIANXIANG。

  SANWEINAMIGUIJIAOZHONGJUYOUGUIQIANGJI(Si-OH),ZAIWEISUANHUANJINGXIAQINGLIZI(H+)TUOLIQIANGJI,QINGLIZI(H+)TONGGUOJIEKONGWANGZHUANGSUIDAOYUZHENGJIDEYANGFANYINGSHENGCHENGSHUI,YOUYUDIANJIEYEZHONGDEQINGLIZI(H+)HUISUIZHESHUIFENZHENGFAERJIANSHAO,DAOZHIDIANJIEYEDENONGDUSHENGGAO。YINCIJIAOTIZHONGDEQINGLIZI(H+)NENGGOUBUCHONGDIANJIEYEZHONGSHIQUDEQINGLIZI(H+) ,RANGDIANJIEYEZHONGDEQINGLIZI(H+)NONGDUBAOCHIDONGTAIPINGHENG,JISHUIFENBAOCHIYIDINGPINGHENGLIANG。 GENJUHUAXUEFANYINGSHIPb + PbO2 + 2H2SO4 = 2PbSO4 + 2H2O,

  YINCIJIBANBUHUIZHANGQIDANXIANGHUAXUEFANYING,DAOZHISHENGCHENGDALIANGLIUSUANQIAN(PbSO4)CHENDIANWU,SHIJIBANLIUHUAJIEJING。

  SANWEINAMIGUIPEIZHIDEXUDIANCHIZAICHUFANGLIANGNIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZAIBUCHONGDIANHOU,DIANCHIRONGLIANGHUIFUDAO100%。YUANYINJIUZAIYUJIAOTIDUIDIANJIEYEZHONGQINGLIZIDECHIXUBUCHONG,SHIXIANSHUIFENSHOUHENG,QINGLIZIYUYANGLIZIBAOCHIPINGHENG。ZUIZHONGMEIYOULIUSUANQIAN(PbSO4)CHENDIANWUCHANSHENG。

  SANWEINAMIGUIDEWENDINGXINGYINGYONG,1、SANWEINAMIGUIZHIBEIXUDIANCHIDEGONGZUOHUANJINGWENDUSHIYINGFANWEIGUANGFAN,WEI-40~60 ℃ 。WOGUONANBEIDIQUWEIDUBUTONG,WENDUCHAYIJIAODA,YINCISANWEINAMIGUIMANZUXUDIANCHIZAIGAODIWENDUCHAYIJIAODADIQUDEYINGYONG。

  2、SANWEINAMIGUIPEIZHIDIANJIEYETEXINGYOULIYUNEIHUACHENGLENGSUANGUANZHUGONGYI。 YOUYUYUANJIAOJIARULIUSUANPEIZHISHIHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDERENENG,BUNENGZHIJIEGUANZHUYUDIANCHIZHONG,SUOYINEIHUACHENGXUYAOBAPEIZHIHAODEDIANJIEYELENGZANGJIANGWEN,ZAIGUANZHUDIANCHINEI,SUOYIGUANZHUDIANCHIQIANXUZHANGSHIJIANLENGZHI。YINCISANWEINAMIGUIPEIZHIDEDIANJIEYE,ZAI0 ~5℃HUANJINGXIALIANXUQIDONGJIAOBAN48XIAOSHIYISHANGRENGRANBUNINGJIAODETEXING,LIYUNEIHUACHENGGUANZHUGONGYI。

  SANWEINAMIGUISUOPEIZHIDIANJIEYEDENINGJIAOYINGYONGTEXING,DANGPEIZHIHAODESANWEINAMIGUIDIANJIEYEGUANZHUDAODIANCHIZHONGSHI,JIAOLIZIFAXUNZHAOYUJIBANJIEHEDEZUIJIAWEIZHI,LIYONGLIANGHAODEZHANDUYUJIBANDENGCAILIAOCHONGFENJIECHU,BINGJUYOUJIQIANGDEXIFUXING,ZUODAOZUIDACHENGDUDEJIANRONGYUJIEHE,ZUIDAHUAFAHUICHUDIANCHIDEXIAOLV。

  SANWEINAMIGUIDIANJIEYEGUANZHUDIANCHIHOUKAISHININGJIAO,NINGJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGLIZIXISHOULERENENG,JINYIBUZHANGDA,NINGJIAOZHONGLIZIJIXUSUOHEXINGCHENGGUIYANGGUI[Si-O-Si]JIAN,BINGXINGCHENGGUIQIANGJIBIHEJIEGOU,SHININGJIAOTIYOUYIDINGGANGXING,ZHEIXIEYUANLIZIXIANGHUNINGJIEXINGCHENGKAIFANGERLIANXUDENINGJIAOJIE,SHUININGJIAOLIZIJIANZAIKAOJIN,FENZIJIANKAOGUIYANGGUI[Si-O-Si]JIANXINGCHENGBIHUANGUIQIANGJILIANJIEXINGCHENGSANWEIWANGZHUANGJIEGOU,ZUIHOUDEDAOSANWEINAMIGUIJIAOTIJUHEWUBINGHUODELIANGHAODEDANXINGNINGJIAO。

  SANWEINAMIGUIDIANJIEZHIDEWAIGUANCHENGLANRUBAISE、BANTOUMING,XINGZHIWEINONGDUGAO、ZHANDUDI、TOUMINGXINGHAO,ZHILIANGWENDING。

  NEIWOMENGONGSIDEJIANJIE,GONGSIZHUYINGCHANPINWEISANWEINAMIGUI,SANWEINAMIGUIJIAOZHIBEIDEXUDIANCHICHANPINJINGGUOGUOJIAXUDIANCHIYANJIUZHONGXINHEGUANGDONGSHENGCHANPINZHILIANGJIANDUJIANYANZHONGXINDEDUOCIJIANCE,RENDINGCHANPINGEXIANGJIANCEZHIBIAOJUNYUANYUANGAOYUGUOJIABIAOZHUN,BUFENZHIBIAOYOUYUOU、MEITONGLEICHANPINDESHUIPING,DADAOSHIJIEXIANJINSHUIPING,YINQIGUONEIXINGYEQUANWEIZHUANJIADEZHONGSHIHELONGTOUGUGANQIYEDEQINGLAI。

  DONGGUANDEDONGKEJIGONGSIBINGCHENGYIRENWEIBEN、CHENGXINWEIDAO、HUIJINENGRENXIANSHIDEZONGZHI,YUANYUXINGYEZHUANJIA、JINGYINGXIESHOUGONGJIN,DAZAOWOGUOSANWEINAMIGUISHENGCHANJIDI,WEIQIANSUANXUDIANCHIJIAOTICAILIAODEFAZHANJINMIANBOZHILI,ZHENGSUOWEI“BAICHUANHUIJUZHONGCHENGHAI,WANMUXIANGYINGFANGWEILIN”。

  ZUIHOUZHUYUANGEWEILAIBIN:“QUANJIAXINGFUMEIMAN,SHENTIJIANKANG,SHIYEXINGWANGFADA”。XIEXIEDAJIA!



稿件来源: 电池中国网
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