边锋游戏

动力电池报废潮将至 回收利用须追本溯源
发布时间:2019-10-21 11:51:48

动力电池报废潮将至 回收利用须追本溯源


边锋游戏WOGUOXINNENGYUANQICHECHANXIAOLIANGYIWENJUQUANQIUDIYI。ZHONGGUOQICHEGONGYEXIEHUIGONGBUDESHUJUXIAN,2019NIAN1—8YUE,WOGUOXINNENGYUANQICHEXIAOLIANGWEI79.3WANLIANG,BAOCHIZHETONGBI32%DEZENGSU。SUIZHEXINNENGYUANQICHEDEDAGUIMOTUIGUANGHEYINGYONG,FEIJIUDONGLIDIANCHIDEZONGHELIYONGWENTIXIANDEYOUWEIJINPO。


近日,工业和信息化部近日对2016年发布的《新能源汽车废旧动力蓄电池综合利用行业规范条件》(以下简称《规范条件》)和《新能源汽车废旧动力蓄电池综合利用行业规范公告管理暂行办法》(以下简称《办法》)进行了修订并正式向社会公开征求意见,对动力电池综合利用提出了更完善、更安全、更节能环保等要求。


再生利用尚处起步阶段


JUZHONGGUOQICHEJISHUYANJIUZHONGXINCESUAN,JIEHEQICHEBAOFEINIANXIAN、DIANCHISHOUMINGDENGYINSU,2018NIAN—2020NIAN,WOGUOLEIJIBAOFEIDONGLIDIANCHIJIANGDA12WAN—20WANDUN,2025NIANDADAO35WANDUNDEGUIMO。KEYISHUO,XINNENGYUANQICHEDONGLIXUDIANCHIDAGUIMOBAOFEIDELANGCHAOJIJIANGDAOLAI。


“DONGLIXUDIANCHISHIYONGNIANXIANYIBANZAI5—8NIAN,YOUXIAOSHOUMINGZEZAI4—6NIAN,ZHEIYIWEIZHEDIYIPITOURUSHICHANGDEXINNENGYUANCHEDONGLIDIANCHIJIBENCHUYUTAOTAILINJIEDIAN。”TIANNENGJITUANDONGSHIJUZHUXIZHANGTIANRENGAOSUKEJIRIBAOJIZHE,TONGCHANGDONGLIXUDIANCHIRONGLIANGSHUAIJIANZHI80%YIXIASHI,JIANGBUNENGWANQUANMANZUQICHEDONGLIXUQIU,KEYITICILIYONGYUQITALINGYU。


GONGXINBUFABUDE《XINNENGYUANQICHEDONGLIXUDIANCHIHUISHOULIYONGDIAOYANBAOGAO(JIANJIE)》XIANSHI,DANGQIANDONGLIXUDIANCHITICILIYONGDABUFENCHUYUSHIYANSHIFANJIEDUAN,ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIBEIDIAN、CHUNENGDENGLINGYU。2018NIAN,ZHONGGUOTIETAGONGSITINGZHICAIGOUQIANSUANDIANCHI,DALITUIGUANGLIDIANCHITICILIYONG,YIZAI31GESHENGSHIDEYUE12WANZUOJIZHANKAIZHANTICILIYONGDIANCHIBEIDIANYINGYONG,BINGZAIBEIDIAN、CHUNENGJIDUIWAIFADIANYINGYONGCHANGJINGJIAQIANGYEWUTUOZHAN。GUOJIADIANWANGJIANSHELE1ZHAOWASHITICILIYONGLINSUANTIELIDIANCHICHUNENGXITONGSHIFANGONGCHENG,YONGYUJIENAKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANHEDIAOPINDENG。


边锋游戏ZHANGTIANRENSHUO,MUQIAN,TUIYIDEXINNENGYUANQICHEDONGLIDIANCHIZHUYAOYOULIANGGEQUXIANG,YISHITICILIYONG,ERSHIZAISHENGLIYONG,JIANGBAOFEIDIANCHICHAIJIEHOU,JIANGQIZHONGDEZHONGJINSHUTILIAN,ZAICISHIYONG。“CONGQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQILAIKAN,TICILIYONGDEDIANCHIZAIZUIZHONGBAOFEIHOU,YEXUYAOJINXINGZAISHENGLIYONG。”GUOJIADUIDONGLIXUDIANCHIDEZAISHENGLIYONGGAODUZHONGSHI,2018NIAN,GONGXIN、KEJI、HUANBAODENGGUOJIABUWEILIANHEYINFALE《XINNENGYUANQICHEDONGLIXUDIANCHIHUISHOULIYONGGUANLIZANXINGBANFA》DENGGUIDING,JIAQIANGDONGLIXUDIANCHIDEHUISHOULIYONGGUANLI,GUIFANXINGYEFAZHAN,TUIJINZIYUANZONGHELIYONGDENG。DANDONGLIXUDIANCHIDEZAISHENGXUNHUANLIYONGHAISHIYIGEXINXINGLINGYU,SHANGCHUZAIQIBUJIEDUAN,MIANLINZHEZHEZHUDUOKUNNANHEBUZU,《GUIFANTIAOJIAN》HE《BANFA》DEJISHIXIUDINGXIANDEYOUWEIGUANJIANHEZHONGYAO。


建立完善成熟的综合利用数据库


边锋游戏CICIXINFABUDE《GUIFANTIAOJIAN》XIUDINGGAOHE《BANFA》XIUDINGGAOSHIZAI2016NIANXIANGGUANWENJIANDEJICHUSHANGJINXINGXIUGAIHEWANSHANDE,TEBIETIXIANLEYIKEJIHEJISHUQUDONG,SHIDONGLIXUDIANCHIDESUYUANHELIYONGDENGGENGWANSHANGENGANQUAN。


ZAIFEIJIUDIANCHIDEHUISHOULIYONGFANGMIAN,SUYUANBEIRENWEISHIGUANJIANDEYIHUAN。《XINNENGYUANQICHEDONGLIXUDIANCHIHUISHOULIYONGSUYUANGUANLIZANXINGGUIDING》TICHU,JIANGJIANLISUYUANZONGHEGUANLIPINGTAI,DUIXINNENGYUANDONGLILIDIANCHIDESHENGCHAN、XIAOSHOU、SHIYONG、BAOFEI、HUISHOU、LIYONGDENGQUANGUOCHENGJINXINGXINXICAIJI,DUIGEHUANJIEZHUTILVXINGHUISHOULIYONGZERENQINGKUANGSHISHIJIANCE。


ZHANGTIANRENSHUO,MUQIAN,WOGUODIANCHIDEHUISHOUTIXISHANGBUJIANQUAN,QICHESHENGCHANQIYE、DIANCHIZHIZAOQIYE、HUISHOUQIYE、ZAISHENGLIYONGQIYEZHIJIANSHANGWEIJIANLIYOUXIAODEHEZUOJIZHI,QUANZEHAIBUGOUQINGXI。ZHEIXIEZHIDUCUOSHI,DUIJIAQIANGBAOFEIDIANCHIDEGAOXIAOLIYONGQIDAOLEJIJIZUOYONG。ERDONGLIDIANCHISUYUANGUANLIDEJINYIBUWANSHAN,ZAI《GUIFANTIAOJIAN》XIUDINGGAOZHONGDEYITUXIAN。


BIRU“JISHU、ZHUANGBEIHEGONGYI”DEZONGTIYAOQIUZHONG,《GUIFANTIAOJIAN》XIUDINGGAOXINZENGLEYITIAO,“YINGMANZUXINNENGYUANQICHEDONGLIXUDIANCHIHUISHOULIYONGSUYUANGUANLIYOUGUANYAOQIU,JUBEIXINXIHUASUYUANNENGLI,RUSUYUANXINXIXITONGJIBIANMASHIBIEDENGFUZHUSHESHISHEBEI。”ZAITIJIWUFACHUZHI“ZONGHELIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEDIANZIYUANQIJIAN、JINSHU、SHIMO、SULIAO、XIANGJIAO、GEMO、DIANJIEYEDENGLINGBUJIANHECAILIAO”,YAOQIUQIYE“ANGUOJIAYOUGUANYAOQIUJIAOYOUXIANGGUANZIZHIDEQIYEJINXINGJIZHONGCHULI”DETONGSHI,“ZUOHAOGENZONGGUANLI”;“CHANPINZHILIANGHEZHIYEJIAOYU”TIAOKUANZHONG,DUIHUISHOULIYONGQIYEYAOQIUCONGCIQIANDE“JIANLIWANZHENGDEKEZHUISUTIXI”SHENGJIWEI“JIANLIWANZHENGDEXINXIHUASHENGCHANGUOCHENGGUANLITIXI”,ZHEIYEYOULIYUJIANLIQIGENGWANZHENG、CHENGSHUDEFEIJIUDONGLIXUDIANCHIZONGHELIYONGSHUJUKU。


安全是动力蓄电池发展的基础,同样,《规范条件》修订稿对动力电池回收利用过程中的安全性边锋游戏提出了更高要求。其中,在“环境保护要求”条款里,单独针对“气体”增加更详细的处理要求,“在综合利用过程中产生的在常温常压下易燃易爆及排出有毒气体的残余物,必须进行预处理,使之稳定后贮存,否则按易燃易爆危险品贮存”;在“安全生产、人身健康和社会责任”条款里,新增一条对运输的要求,“废旧动力蓄电池运输应符合国家相关法律法规标准要求,尽量保证其电池结构完整,运输前应根据废旧动力蓄电池安全特性进行分类,按照相关标准采取对应的运输方案,具备防火、防水、防爆、绝缘、隔热等安全保障措施,并制定应急预案。”


关键共性技术亟待突破


WOGUOLIZIYUANLIANGWEI700WANDUNZUOYOU,WEIJUQUANQIUDISI。DANYOUYULIKUANGPINWEICHA、TICHUNNANDUDA、CHENGBENGAO,MEINIANXUYAOJINKOUDALIANGDELIKUANG,DUIWAIYICUNDUCHAOGUO85%;“ZHONGGUOXUQIU”HAITUIDONGLEDIANCHIJITANSUANLIJIAGEDEBAOZHANG,CONG2015NIANCHUDEBUDAO5WANYUAN/DUNSHANGZHANGDAO2017NIANDIDE18WANYUAN/DUN,ZHANGFUJIEJINSANBEI,BULIYUXINNENGYUANQICHECHANYEFAZHAN,DUIWOGUODEZIYUANANQUANTICHUYANZHONGTIAOZHAN。


边锋游戏ZHANGTIANRENSHUO,FEIJIUDONGLIXUDIANCHISHIBAOGUIDE“CHENGSHIKUANGSHAN”,JINSHUHANLIANGYUANGAOYUKUANGSHI,JIANGQIZHONGDELI、GU、NIEDENGYOUJIAJINSHUJIAYIHUISHOU,ZAISHENGLIYONG,NENGTIGAOZIYUANLIYONGXIAOLV,JIANGDIDUIWAIYICUNDUDENG。FEIJIUDONGLIXUDIANCHIRUGUOCHULIBUDANG,SUIYIDIUQI,HUIDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGHENDAWEIHAI。“RUZHENGJICAILIAOZHONGDEGU、NIEDENGZHONGJINSHUYUANSU,DIANJIEYEZHONGDEYOUJIWU,FUJIZHONGDETANCAILIAODENG,DOUHUIDUISHUITIHETURANGZAOCHENGYANZHONGWURAN,TEBIESHIZHONGJINSHUYIDANSHENRUTURANG,SHUSHINIANDOUNANYIHUIFU。”


YUSHI,ZAIJIENENGHUANBAOFANGMIAN,《GUIFANTIAOJIAN》XIUDINGGAOSHOUCIDUILIYUANSUDEHUISHOULVTICHUGUIFAN,JIBUDIYU85%,CAIYONGCAILIAOXIUFUGONGYIDE,CAILIAOHUISHOULVYINGBUDIYU90%。WEILEBIMIANGONGYIJIANLOU、JISHULUOHOUDEHUISHOUZAISHENG“XIAOZUOFANG”YINGXIANGXINGYEDEZHENGTIJIANKANGFAZHAN,《GUIFANTIAOJIAN》XIUDINGGAOSHENGJILEHUANBAOYAOQIU。XINJIAN、GAIKUOJIANZONGHELIYONGQIYEYINGYANGEZHIXINGHUANPINGZHIDU,NARUGUDINGWURANYUANPAIWUXUKEFENLEIGUANLIMINGLUDEJIANSHEXIANGMU,ANZHAOGUOJIAPAIWUXUKEYOUGUANGUANLIGUIDINGYAOQIUSHENQINGPAIWUXUKEZHENG;ERZONGHELIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEFEISHUI、FEIQIHEGONGYEGUTIFEIWUDENGZAIXIANJIANCEZHUANGZHI,CONGGUOQUDE“GULIANZHUANG”BIANGENGWEI“YINGJUBEI”DENG。


《GUIFANTIAOJIAN》XIUDINGGAOQIANGDIAO,“YINGXUANZESHENGCHANZIDONGHUAXIAOLVGAO、NENGHAOZHIBIAOXIANJIN、HUANBAODABIAOHEZIYUANZONGHELIYONGLVGAODESHENGCHANSHEBEISHESHI,CAIYONGJIENENG、HUANBAO、QINGJIE、GAOXIAO、ZHINENGDEXINJISHU、XINGONGYI。”ZHANGTIANRENSHUO,MUQIANZAISHENGJISHUSHANGWEICHENGSHU,ZIDONGHUASHUIPINGDI,CHENGBENJUGAOBUXIA。“YINGZHENDUIFEIJIUDONGLIXUDIANCHIZAISHENGLIYONGCUNZAIDEBORUOHUANJIE,ZUZHICHANXUEYANLIANHEGONGGUAN,BUDUANTIGAOGONGYIZHUANGBEISHUIPING、JINSHUTILIANJISHU、JIENENGJIANGHAOSHUIPING,TUPOGUANJIANGONGXINGJISHU,YOUXIAOJIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBEN,ZHUBUPEIYUCHENGSHUCHANYETIXI。”


第四届动力电池应用国际峰会CBIS2019

稿件来源: 科技日报
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