边锋游戏

破解锂电设备行业的资金怪圈
发布时间:2019-08-31 08:56:00
关键词:动力电池 锂电池

破解锂电设备行业的资金怪圈


JINBUDEFANGSHIYOUHENDUO,ZUIZHONGYAODEYIDIANSHISHAOFANCUOWU,BUZHONGDAOFUZHE。

 

ZIJIN,DUIQIYEZHIGUANZHONGYAO,YOUQISHIXIANJIEDUANDELIDIANSHEBEIQIYE。

 

YIBANERYAN,LIDIANSHEBEICONGSHEJIDAOANZHUANGDIAOSHI,ZAIDAOYANSHOU,NADAOQUANEHUIKUAN,ZHOUQIZUIKUAIYEYAOLIANGNIAN。

 

两年,看似不长,可对资金密集型的锂电设备行业而言,回款未到却要继续研发设计、定制化生产、售后运维。这意味着无论行情好坏,企业的现金流都要持续充足,否则很容易被拖垮。

 

HUIKUANMANHEHUIKUANNANDEWENTI,YEHUIDUILIDIANSHEBEICHANGZIJINLIYONGLVZAOCHENGYINGXIANG。SHICHANGHUANJINGHAOSHI,QIYEBUGANTAIDUOTOURUKUOZHANG,PAZIJINLIANGENBUSHANG。SHICHANGHUANJINGBUHAOSHI,GENGYAO“JIEYISUOSHI”,ZHIQIUHUOXIALAI。

 

资金越少,越不敢投资;越不投资,有希望回流的资金就越少。现金流,对于锂电设备企业来说就像一个转不出去的怪圈,好像永远看不到“翻盘”的那一天。

 

CHULEHUIKUAN,SHEBEIZHIZAO、DIAOSHIQIJIANDEYIXIEBUBIYAO“SUNHAO”,YEKAOYANZHEQIYEDEXIANJINLIU。

 

尤其是不同电池制造厂商的电池型号、规格、工艺等不统一,某种程度上导致锂电设备要定制化。即使单一电池厂,其电池型号规格仍经常变动。比如常见圆柱锂电池型号就有14500,14650, 17490,18500, 18650,26500等。方形锂电池型号也有103450 ,433861 523450 ,063450,633770,103450,653450等。

 

边锋游戏ZHEIJIUPOSHILIDIANSHEBEIBIXUJIANRONGBUTONGXINGHAODIANXIN,JIEGOUFANGMIANYAORONGYICHAIXIEZHENGGAI。ZIRANERRAN,SHEBEIBUNENGDAGUIMOPILIANGSHENGCHAN,JISHUJILEIJIUBIJIAOHUANMAN。

 

ZHEIYESHIWEISHENMEYIXIERENHUIRENWEILIDIANSHEBEISHI“FEIBIAOZIDONGHUA”SHEBEI。

 

边锋游戏FEIBIAOSHEBEIZUIDADETEDIANSHIKEHUXUQIUJI,DUIJISHUYAOQIUGAO,KEYIDANBEITUIHUO,JIUHUIBIANCHENGYIDUIFEITONGLANTIE,QIYESHOUSUNFENGXIANDA。JINGUANYINGLIKONGJIANXIANGDUIBIAOZHUNJIANYAODAYIXIE,DANZIJINBUCHONGYU、JISHUYOUSHIBUZUDEQIYE,HENSHAOGANMAOCIFENGXIAN。

 

以笔者经验看,锂电设备标准化程度不高,主要原因是电池工艺没有标准化边锋游戏,比如叠片或者卷绕工艺,每家电池厂的电池工艺基本都不一样,因此每次做的设备都是半非标。这样后期设备调试改动、重新设计、定制化生产成本会很高。

 

JINGUANZHUGUANBUMENCHUTAIXIANGGUANGUANLIBANFALITUGUIFANDONGLIDIANCHICHICUN,DANGUIFANRENGXUGUOCHENG,DUANQILAIKANLIDIANSHEBEIDE“FEIBIAO”RENGJIANGCUNZAI。


同时,锂电设备的售后运维也是占用资金较大的环节之一。

 

LIDIANSHEBEISHOUHOUYUNWEICHENGBEN,ZHUYAOSHOUWULIAOGUANLI,JIXIESHEJI,DIANQICHENGXUSANGEFANGMIANYINGXIANG。

 

1、物料管理

 

缩短物料交期,降采购成本是锂电设备行业面临的一大挑战。

 

LIDIANSHEBEIZUOWEIGEZHONGLINGBUJIANJICHENGDEDAXINGJIQI,WULIAOBUJISHIHENRONGYIYANWUGONGQI,DANWUYANSHOUHUIKUAN。

 

LINGBUJIANGONGYINGSHANGLAILIAOBULIANG,DAOZHIFANCHANGZHONGXIU,GONGYINGSHANGJIAGONGSHIWU,JIAOHUOSHIJIANYANZHANG;JIXIEJIEGOUSHEJIBIANGENG,GENGHUANQITAZUJIAN;JIEGOUJIANSHIXIAO,WUFASHIYONG……ZHEIXIESHILIAOBUJIDEWENTIWANGWANGDOUHUIZUIZHONGDANWUSHEBEIZUZHUANG、DIAOSHIJINDU,ZAOCHENGCHENGBENYALI。

 

边锋游戏JIEJUEBANFATONGCHANGSHIHEGONGYINGSHANGQIANDINGZHANLVEHEZUOKUANGJIA,RANGQIYOUXIANSHENGCHAN,HUODUCUQIBAOZHENGJIAGONGPINZHI,XIANCHANGYUGUHAOZHOUQI,BAOZHENGLIDIANSHEBEIRUQIANZHUANG、DIAOSHI。

 

2、机械设计

 

边锋游戏LIDIANSHEBEIDEJIXIESHEJIBAOKUOQUDONG、CHUANDONG、ZHIXING、KONGZHI、JIANCE,ZHUYAOSHIWEIMANZUTEDINGDONGZUO,RUJIGUANGJIERCHENGXINGJIDESHOUFANGLIAOJUAN。

 

机械设计问题,修正起来,要么改机加件,要么重新改标准件。机加件的加工周期长,成本高,是锂电设备的最大成本压力;标准件虽然易更换,但占用企业资金流,也是成本压力集中点。

 

LIDIANSHEBEICHENGBENZHANBI,YAOGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGERDING。JIASHEERSHITAIJIGUANGJIERCHENGXINGJICHUXIANTONGYIGEJIXIESHEJIWENTI,YAOPILIANGGENGHUANLINGBUJIAN,NEIMELINGJIANJIAGONGHEANZHUANGDIAOSHICHENGBENZHANBIJIUHUIGAOXIE;KERUGUOZHEIERSHITAIJIQIDOUBUSHITONGYIGEJIXIESHEJIWENTI,NEIMESHEJIRENYUANRENGONGCHENGBENJIUHUIHENGAO。

 

BUGUO,DUILIDIANSHEBEIQIYEERYAN,YOUXIANXUANZEJIANSHAOSHEJIWENTISHULIANG,JIUNENGYOUXIAOJIANGDISHEJIRENYUANDERENGONGCHENGBEN。

 

3、电气程序

 

一行代码决定锂电设备的运转。

 

目前锂电设备通用MES系统,对传感器使用,数据记录、保存、上传、处理分析极其重要,出现的问题自然也多。常见问题如程序出现BUG、软硬件不兼容、信号传输故障等,很容易影响设备的调试和正常使用。除耽误工期外,还要耗费程序人员的人力,测量设备的损耗,标准硬件的升级等,这些都属于设备整体的成本。

 

SHANGSHUSANGEHUANJIEQIANSHEJINEJIAODA,RUNENGMINGQUESHOUHOUYUNWEIZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTIBINGZHIJIEJIEJUE,GUJIDUILIDIANSHEBEIQIYESUODUANYANSHOUZHOUQI,JIANGDISHOUHOUYUNYINGCHENGBEN,HUIYOUYIXIEBANGZHU。

 

要想解决上述问题,减少锂电设备企业的成本支出,笔者还建议学习黑匣子思维。

 

边锋游戏XIANGDANGCHUFEIJIYUNSHUCHUSHILVJIGAO,WANGWANGSHIYOUQUWUHUI,JIRENYIZHONGCUOJUE,RENDINGSUDUHEANQUANBUNENGGONGCUN。HOULAIZAIJICANGNEIANZHUANGHEIXIAZI,JIANGGUZHANGQIANFASHENGDEYIQIEDOUJINXINGJILU。YIDANCHUSHI,DIYIBUSHIXIANZHAODAOHEIXIAZI,RANHOUJINXINGGEZHONGBIAOZHUNHUAFUPANHEFANGFANCUOSHI。XIANZAIFEIJISHISHIJIESHANGSHIGULVZUIDI、ANQUANXINGZUIGAODEYUNSHUGONGJU。

 

LIDIANSHEBEIDECHENGBENXIANJINGJIEJUEYIRUCI。RUGUOQIYENENGTONGGUOXIANGXIMIAOSHUWENTI,FENXIYUANYIN,NONGMINGBAIJIEJUEFANGAN,SUISHIZHANGKONGCHULIJINDU,JISUANQINGCHUHAOFEIDESHIJIANHEWUZHIDENGCHENGBEN,YOUXIAOKONGZHIZIJINSHIYONG,FAZHANZIRANBUZAIHUAXIA。

 

POJIELIDIANSHEBEIDEZIJINGUAIQUAN,HUOXUJIUZAIYUMEIYICIDECUOWUFUPANHEJINBU。


作者: 特约撰稿/左财富      稿件来源: 电池中国网
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